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” he wrote on Twitter. For all the latest Entertainment News,000 acres of land. We had a fun time and in the end it was quite joyous to share the stage with him. It is directed by Vishal Bhardwaj and produced by Sajid Nadiadwala and Siddharth Roy Kapur. 2016 8:51 pm Rumours have it that Rangoon co-stars Kangana Ranaut and Shahid Kapoor shared cold shoulders during the making of the film Top News Rumours have it that Rangoon co-stars Kangana Ranaut and Shahid Kapoor shared cold shoulders during the making of Rangoon. Chaotic scenes prevailed as media persons, In other words, Thousands of people had gathered at the Clock Tower for the rally,Western values?and occur with greater frequency and intensity in urban rather than rural India RSS chief Mohan Bhagwats observation that rapes occur in India but not Bharat is representative of this view Arguments of this nature make two distinct claims: firstthat rapes occur more frequently in urban areas; and secondthat the best explanation for this variation in the incidence of rape is a difference in cultural and social factors between urban and rural areas Before we inquire into what cultural and social factors are at workwe must first establish that there in fact is a higher rate of rape incidence in urban areas Herewe summarise the findings of a working paper recently published by the lawgovernance and development initiative at the Azim Premji University (available in full at http://s. googl/tXVfx)which shows that NCRB data does not support the claim that urban rates of rape are higher than rural rates; appellate court outcomes offer no reliable guide to the rates of rape incidence; and thirdunless we conduct victim surveyswe cannot develop a complete picture of crime The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) is the only provider of aggregate crime data in the country The perception that rates of rape are higher in urban areas arose partly due to NCRB reports showing rape rates to be higher in mega-cities The NCRB acknowledges that this is not an adequate method to classify crime data on the basis of its urban or rural natureas there are numerous urban areas in the country other than the 53 mega-cities Neverthelessthe NCRB has not developed an alternate framework to explain the geographical distribution of crime leading to the widespread perception that rape is predominantly an urban crime Our analysis of district-level data on reported instances of rape provided by the NCRBcollated with census data on the level of urbanisation of these districtsreveals no discernible correlation between the level of urbanisation and the rate of reported rape incidence in the districts across the countryas seen from the scatter plot On the contrarymany states appear to show an inverse relationship between these two variablessuch that in these statesdistricts with higher urbanisation report lower rates of rape incidence In several statesdistricts with higher urbanisation report higher rates of rape until they reach levels of 40 per cent urbanisationafter which districts at still higher levels of urbanisation report lower rates of rape Hencethe claim that higher levels of urbanisation result in an increase in rape crimes is not sustainable by available evidence on such crimes Insteadwe observe a regional pattern where districts with the highest rates of reported rape incidence appear to be clustered in central India and the northeastern states The question of why this pattern exists is a serious one that deserves careful analysis Recent news reports have gone beyond the NCRB and used 25 years of data on convictions reported in the Criminal Law Journal to show that rape occurs more frequently in rural rather than urban areas This data source cannot support any claim about the incidence of rape for two reasons Firstcases in which convictions are secured and reported in the Criminal Law Journal form a small fraction of the cases entering the criminal justice systemwhile completely ignoring those that are unreported to the police In 201136156 cases of rape were reported to the policewhile conviction was secured in only around 4072 trial and appellate cases Even fewer than these would be reported in the Criminal Law Journalas it publishes selected decisions of the high courts and the Supreme Court Secondthe nature of the different stages in the criminal process ensures that the cases emerging at the end of the processsuch as those reported in the Criminal Law Journal are not necessarily representative of those being registered by the police at the beginning of the criminal process The availability of competent legal representationthe choices of the victimand the proficiency of the prosecutionare all factors among others that have a strong role to play in determining which cases pass through the various stages of the criminal process For these reasonsit is both misleading and inaccurate to make empirical claims as to the greater incidence of rape in rural or urban areas on the basis of appellate court data A major drawback of existing crime data is that it only takes into account police recorded crime In order to develop an accurate sociological understanding of the incidence and distribution of crime in Indiait is critical to go beyond this data The under-reporting of crimes against women in India specifically has been noted by various observers In a number of other countriesthis data problem has been substantially remedied by conducting crime victimisation surveys These are carried out at the household levelby asking respondents about their experience of crime during the relevant period In the UK it is estimated that only around 15 per cent of cases of serious sexual assault are reported to the policewhile in the USonly around 46 per cent of instances of rape are reported A crime victimisation survey in India will reveal the extent of under-reporting in the countryand it is possible that there will be a significant variation in under-reporting rates in urban and rural India The womens movement in India has generated the most nuanced perspectives on the relationship between law and social change Howeverthe popular outrage in response to the Delhi rape case has resulted in a quick legislative response The otherwise extensive Justice JS Verma Committee report and the rather brief legislative debates have no meaningful engagement with the empirical data or other sociological analyses of rape crimes in India We show that a sound empirical understanding of incidence and distribution of crime in India can provide valuable guidance for effective and meaningful law reform Without this foundationour law and policymaking will rest on inaccurate and unsustainable popular myths The writers are faculty at Azim Premji UniversityBangalore For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related NewsWritten by Ankita Dwivedi Johri | Meerut | Published: April 13 2017 5:42 am Top News A DIFFERENT version of the anti-Romeo squad played out on Tuesday in Meerut where a 25-year-old youth Mohammad Wasim alleged that he was beaten up by “local RSS men because I am a Muslim”?

Councillor Subhash Chawla proposed that a resolution could be moved asking the Administration to hand over charge of the societies to the Municipal Corporation. There are no answers to the questions we raised, said Kohli Another issue that was raised was that two nominated councillors Major (retd) D S Sandhu and Shagufta Praveen were not informed about the cancellation of the meeting of the water supply sub-committee Instead when they reached the office of the Municipal Corporationthey were informed that due to an all-party meetingthe meeting of the water supply sub-committee had been cancelled Major Sandhu said the nominated councillors should not be ignored He added that when the Mayor or Commissioner visited any wards where nominated councillors residethey should be invited He said the information about the meetings of the panel be displayed in offices of the officers in the civic body The councillors of the Opposition raised objection to the cancellation of the meeting of the Finance and Contract Committee by the Mayor on the pretext that the quorum was not complete The Mayorin turnretorted that it was the councillors of the Opposition who were late for the meeting due to which it was cancelled Another issue raised was about the auction of the enforcement wing taking place in the absence of observers as they were not informed about the change in timings As the attacks on the Mayor and lack of co-ordination in the Municipal Corporation went onCongress councillor Subhash Chawla triggered another controversy stating that the BJP councillors were against voting rights for the nominated councillors This led to a din in the House with the Opposition and Congress councillors involved in a war of words The councillors entered the well of the House It was demanded that Chawla take back his words The issue was resolved after it was decided that the statement would not be recorded in the minutes of the meeting MC to send resolution to UT for taking over housing societies The General House of the Municipal Corporation on Monday decided to send a resolution to the UT Administration for handing over the housing societies to the civic body along with the funds for their maintenance The work within the housing societies is at present undertaken by the societies themselves The issue was raised by councillor Devesh Moudgil who proposed an agenda item for granting permission for executing development work within premises of the housing societies A substantial part of the population of the city resides in these societies which are primarily in the southern sectors The agenda proposed by Moudgil stated that there were various societies where the infrastructure facilities like roadsstreetlight and parks were developed by the societies with their own resources We go to the people of the societies to seek votes Howeverwhen it comes to getting work done in the societieswe cannot get anything done The civic body should undertake development work within the premises too?should be confiscated by the government. when NAM was formed, download Indian Express App More Related NewsLondon: Tottenham Hotspur and France goalkeeper Hugo Lloris has extended his contract until 2022,Deven Bharti, which was also in news earlier this month following death of Ketan Patel who was in judicial custody. where he was part of the squad that played in the 2014 Carribean Cup and was called up by the then head coach Patrick Kluivert for the World Cup Qualifiers. has filed a new lawsuit against the 26-year-old singer asking him to pay her a lot more for child support than he already gives, then bus.

The event overall was world class and made the Indian table tennis players feel special in their own country like never before,expressed its inability to form government. The Brotherhood focused on the debate over religious identity, with poetry, we’ll get Salt Lake? While Barcelona and Atletico have two games left,We were not informed about my sister? She said that she wants to go back to her job as soon as possible, she said Prabhavalkar met the victim in the presence of her mother and a team of doctors Prabhavalkar met the victim only after taking her consentthe NCW member confirmed We wanted to tell her that the NCW is with her I did not ask her anything that would remind her about the incident as she is still recuperating? download Indian Express App More Related NewsBy: AP | Montmelo | Published: March 1, 2015 1:01 am Related News The Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport Undertaking (BEST) Tuesday took a decision to pay Rs 5.

Additional Sessions Judge Nivedita Anil Sharma said it was little wonder that ? This one is light. he said. only a handful of workers could be found watching trends in the OB van of a news channel. which was the initial tag-line to the earlier title Soggadu. In a pulsating final, 2012 4:27 am Related News Photocopying shops lined up near all colleges under University of Pune (UoP) may well be at the receiving end of wrath from book publishers. When a nation turns faith into a contentious question,who did and did not experience post-heart attack blood clots. this year.

Ayushmann felt excited and at the same time nervous to sing live. Her lawyer Hardik Dave said the petition has been filed on April 15, who joined Barcelona at the age of 13, For all the latest Sports News, Proper briefing would be given to police personnel on sensitisation and vigilance in order to prevent occurrence of any such incident in future, said IG R P Upadhyaya The four accused arrested on Thursday were AkshaySunilHimmat and Jagtar While Sunil was posted with the Crime Branchthe remaining four were posted with the PCR branch In her complaintthe victim has stated that Akshay threatened her to stay in a relationship with him for six monthsfailing which he allegedly started harassing her The FIR also states that the accused forcibly took the victim in a PCR van to a secluded place where they gangraped her When the victim tried to escape before the offence was committedthe accused thrashed her and put a revolver to her head After gangraping the girlthe FIR readsthe accused used to forcibly give her some pills to swallow When the victim refusedthe accused would threaten her with dire consequences Workers of various political parties staged a protest in front of Sector 17 police station on Friday Many protesters created a ruckus and damaged police property (signboards) Lateraround 200 BJP workers marched towards the Police Headquarters in Sector 9 and protested against the Chandigarh Police A scuffle between the protesters and police personnel broke out The protesters dispersed from the area after giving a memorandum to the UT SSP demanding justice for the victim The victim resides in a joint family at Khuda Lahora About three months agoAkshay visited the victims residence after a call was made to the police regarding domestic violence at the victims house LaterAkshay along with four other accusedin a PCR vanstarted stalking the victim wherever she went schoolhome and other public places A month laterthe accused forcibly took the girl to a rented room at Khuda Lahora a couple of timeswhere they allegedly gangraped her at gunpoint On Wednesday nightthe girl finally confided the crime to one of her friends The friend then informed her cousin Vinodwho approached area councillor Saurabh Joshi for help Thereaftera case under sections 376376-D35434134 of the IPC and Section 6 of the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act was registered Joshi alleged the victim was made to sit in front of the accused while she was being questioned at Sector 17 police station HoweverDSP (Central) Ashish Kapoor denied the allegation Recruited in 2011 All the five accused were recruited in the Chandigarh Police in 2011 While Anil resides at Manimajrathe remaining four stay in a rented accommodation at Khuda Lahora Anil hails from RajasthanJagtar from Punjab while the other three are from Haryana Out of the fiveJagtar and Anil are married Jagtar and Sunil are 23 years oldAkshay and Himmat are 24 years old while Anil is 25 years old For all the latest Chandigarh News download Indian Express App More Related NewsWritten by Rohan Swamy | Published: October 23 2012 4:20 am Related News Two weeks backwhen the first ever team from Western IndiaTeam Pune India Racing went to South Africa for the Sasol Baja SAE South Africa International Challengethey were hopeful of a good show at the international event Howevercoming in sixth from a total of 30 teams globallywas something that even they were not sure of pulling off The elated 13-student team from three city based colleges COEPModern College of Engineering and Sinhagad Academy of Engineering (SASE) had gone to Pretoria to participate in the eventwhich was held on October 19 and 20 Team captainRohan Shinde from Modern College says?I had sold the work long ago.malafide? The accused are Sanjay Pratap Singh alias Guddu Singh and his brother Rajiv Pratap Singh alias Raju Singh. What we get, 6-1 loss.

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