Workers at the Hemel Hempstead plant of East Balt Guenther Bakeries are facing redundancy, six months after the Buncefield blast badly damaged the premises and made it inoperable.The factory had been making burger buns for McDonald’s for over 20 years. It was formerly known as Golden West and owned by RHM before being bought by its current owner in April last year. Since the blast, most of the Hemel Hempstead employees have been working at the firm’s plant in Heywood, Lancashire. Others have been at the Olen factory in Belgium. The firm has continued to meet all McDonald’s requirements under the new arrangements, but says it cannot continue to meet workers’ travel and accommodation costs. Hemel Hempstead employed over 100 staff. East Balt Guenther Bakeries hopes to build another bakery in the Hemel Hempstead area, but has yet to decide on a location.
Sweet bakery and ingredients specialist Dawn Foods (Evesham, Worcestershire) is offering an Easter recipe, using its Baker’s Select Carrot Cake base, as an alternative to the traditional fruit cake recipe.According to Dawn Foods’ marketing director, Maggie Dagostino: “Easter entertaining is not just about Easter eggs and themed cakes. The long weekend is a traditional time for family entertaining and consumers are looking for truly indulgent high-quality sweet bakery products suitable for the occasion.”
n The London & South Eastern Region of the National Association of Master Bakers (LASER) held its AGM last month, with 24 members in attendance. Anthony Kindred stepped up as the new president for 2007 and Ian Hedges as the president elect. Chris Beaney was the outgoing president.n The Federation of Bakers has two new associate members, ABB Robotics, a manufacturer of robotic systems, and ingredients company Zeelandia. This extends the federation’s membership to 14.n Three-shop bakery chain Joseph Hall has been bought out of administration by its former owner Joe Hall. The Lancashire chain applied for voluntary liquidation, following trading difficulties last month. It will now trade under the name of Hall’s Bakery.n To mark the launch of its Artisan Supreme 60% Fruit Fillings range, BFP Wholesale is running a special offer on orders placed before 30 April, 2007. The four varieties are Black Cherry, Fruits of the Forest, Blackcurrant and Strawberry. Order one 6kg pail of each variety and get the lowest-priced free.n The Lord Chancellor, Lord Falconer, has visited a ground-breaking bakery in Bethesda, Wales. He sampled the products of Becws Pesda, a bakery being managed by NACRO, the National Association for the Care and Resettlement of Offenders, and the North Wales Probation Service.n Stan Cauvain and Linda Young have just published the second edition of Technology of Breadmaking. It sets out to identify and present new knowledge that has become available in last 10 years, as well as update information.
“A Surrey correspondent takes us to task in the ’Mind of the Trade’ because we expressed the view, in this column last week, that bakers do themselves and their craft an injustice when they make play on the words ’home-made’.It is a fact that some bakers do pander to the public, especially to womenfolk, by deliberately producing crudely finished goods in their bakehouses and featuring them as ’home-made’.They are, in so doing, giving it forth that in their opinion the general ’home-made’ standard of cake-making is higher than the average standard of the trade.If they had seen, as we did, a piece of heavily fruited cake made recently from excellent ingredients by the kitchen staff of a lady’s country house, they would not have wanted to boast about ’home-made’ cakes !”
Bakers, sandwich shops and coffee bars are all seeing growth in sandwich sales according to data revealed at the Lunch! show. Jim Winship, director of the British Sandwich Association (BSA) highlighted findings from Taylor Nelson Sofres research in the BSA’s latest report.Bakers are top of the table, with a 13.3% volume share of the commercial sandwich market. Multiples account for 12.9% of the market, with workplace kiosks taking 12.6%. Sandwich bars were in fourth place with 8% and coffee bars sixth with 5%. Sandwich bars have seen the biggest volume growth in the last year, up 12.5%.Winship described the lunchbox market as “one of the most fruitful” areas for sandwich operators to exploit. Meal deals could also be better developed as 79.4% of sales are for sandwiches alone. l The BSA is also to launch online training courses, so that sandwich-makers and sandwich bar operators can train staff at minimal cost. The first course, aimed at sandwich-makers, should be available by November, with a second, for sandwich bar operators, launched in January 2009. Topics will include legislation, food safety and waste and should cost £20 to £25 per worker.
Smartphones: the 21st century idle fidgeter’s time destroyer of choice. Whether you spend your free minutes tracking commodity prices or, more likely, playing Angry Birds, soon there will be another opportunity to flash your widget and wave it about in public. And this time, it’s all about saving time rather than wasting it.The latest buzz in electronic point of sale (EPoS) technology is around using mobiles to pay for low-value goods. Completely new technology to the UK, Barclaycard and Orange are putting their money where their mouthpieces are, having just launched a Quick Tap phone. This does the same as the contactless credit card you swipe your credit-loaded mobile handset over a terminal freeing customers of the usual faff of typing PIN numbers and fiddling with loose change.This is supposed to make it easier to quickly grab a coffee and a croissant on the move. “It’s called Quick Tap, because it allows money to run out of your account like water,” joked one online sceptic when the story broke. Which, let’s be frank, is exactly what you want to see happening in your shops.While paying by phone may be a leap in the dark for the unfamiliar consumer, it’s a question of ’when’ and not ’if’ the technology becomes mainstream; with most of the major phone manufacturers planning to fit near field communications (NFC) chips as standard, it is tipped to take off in 2012.Starbucks has signed up with Barclaycard to introduce contactless and NFC mobile payments to its UK coffee shops from spring 2012, subject to a successful pilot. Meanwhile, consumers are gradually familiarising themselves with contactless card payments, with Pret A Manger, Eat and Subway notable adoptees. The number of contactless transactions has grown 150% year-on-year, with 50,000 terminals in the UK the vast majority of which are independent shops. At the moment, there are 12.9 million contactless cards out there.Barclays’ research into consumers’ attitudes to queueing suggests people are unwilling to wait more than two minutes in a queue. The average contactless transaction takes 12.5 seconds twice as fast as a cash transaction. Meanwhile, research by Mastercard suggests they cut queues by 20%, and up to 40% where there are express queues.”During bakers’ peak times at lunchtime or on Saturdays, if you can reduce the queue, there’s less chance of people looking in the shop, seeing the queue and abandoning the purchase,” says Richard Armstrong of Barclaycard. “It is a technology that is specifically targeted at low-value transactions (beneath £15), so people with contactless cards will have a greater willingness to use their cards for those types of transactions. We have seen the average transaction value increase by around 6%, where people use contactless cards instead of cash.”Barclaycard terminals feature contactless payment technology at no extra cost. And as people start seeing the technology in bigger retailers for example, The Co-operative is rolling it out this year the indies are set to gain.There are other benefits from the shift away from cash. A WorldPay survey of retailers showed one-in-five said that card payments decreased the number of disagreements with customers over change; it also reduced the amount of cash held at the till. What’s more, low-value contactless payments mean consumers can buy what they want rather than being limited by the amount of cash in their wallet, says Matt Rowsell of Epos firm Streamline.”Historically, payments on cards have been slower than cash,” he says. “Now contactless technology is starting to become popular, it is a viable payment option. Many bakeries and cafés are still missing opportunities, both to up-sell and to get customers who don’t carry cash, by ignoring card payments.”And what of the future? Last week, Google launched its ’Google Wallet’ NFC service, piloting in major US cities, with coffee, bagel and sandwich chains among the first to adopt. This mobile phone app even has the function to store loyalty cards in one place on your phone. With Google putting its considerable weight behind NFC, it’s worth planning ahead for. EPoS-sibilities Of course, EPoS is about so much more than customer transactions. It can enable a business to better control stock, speed up tills and tighten fraud controls.”Every night it’s important that you get the information that you need to reassess your business going forward, so you can take decisions on tomorrow’s trading. It’s all about the immediacy of decisions. In bakery it’s about getting the right balance between availability and waste,” says Roy McDougal, head of IT at Greggs.Is the cloth cut to fit?The difference between a good and a bad EPoS system is whether it’s designed for your needs. For example, options are available for retail such as clothing and others for restaurants. Aim for one that is designed for tracking bakery goods, controlling stock and waste. “Some bakeries use hospitality software with additional pieces of software stuck on,” says Trevor Claybrough of AlfaRichi, which has developed EPoS solutions specifically for bakers. “It can be complex and can go wrong. We advise that bakeries take a package that has everything they need the EPoS part and the ordering part.” New EPoS technology is also giving bakeries greater control over stock and sales. Bakery technology specialist RSA Systems creates EPoS solutions to help bakery businesses handle a wide range of management tasks, including controlling recipe costs and reducing wastage. The company is using Partner Tech UK’s EPoS terminals as a platform for its tailored Daybreak software.”Our solutions are helping bakeries cost recipes more accurately and decide which products to prepare depending on the day of the week or even the weather,” says Jon Measures at RSA Systems. “They can measure the exact volume of each ingredient they will need on any day, and then identify which ingredients are in stock before generating orders for new stock with suppliers direct from their EPoS system. We’re seeing how this alone can dramatically reduce wastage.”Meal deals and promotionsAre promotions increasing overall sales and profits? It’s important to have a report that shows whether you’re losing or gaining money, compared to if you were running no promotion.”The AlfaRichi system we use has a lot to offer the retail baker, particularly in the way of sales and promotion evaluation, improved ordering, stock control, cash management and theft prevention,” says Robert McIlroy, retail estates director at 89-shop Cooplands of Doncaster. Also, if you’re promoting heavily, make sure your processor speeds can cope. “We’ve moved to the J2 615 model the big change we’ve gone for is processor speed, because we’re doing more and more at the till point such as meal deals,” says Greggs’ McDougal.If you can’t stand the heat…”Bakeries are relatively harsh environments to host technology, especially if baking takes place on site,” says Tim Van den Branden of EPoS firm Partner Tech UK. “A fanless EPoS terminal is essential in a hot and humid bakery where moving parts would attract and circulate machine-clogging flour and grease.”Another easy win in the shop is having bigger screens, says McDougal at Greggs, which traded up from 15-inch to 17-inch screens in recent years. “The shop staff love that because it’s easier to use. Having enough space on your screen to get all of the products in is the most efficient and effective way to serve the customer.”Space is also at a premium in a shop. J2 came up with a space-saving solution for 52-shop Birds of Derby: a new bracket which could be pushed back 45 degrees, to allow the J2 615 tills to be recessed into a more EPoS checklist When choosing EPoS for a bakery or coffee shop, a system that only gives takings and sales information is not enough. Ask your supplier if it:l allows orders, waste declaration, overs/shorts and stock to be entered on the tills and then immediately available at head officel has reports that will highlight any loss by automatically reconciling everything that goes into the shop (products, ingredients) and everything that goes out (sales, ingredients used for sales, damage, waste, samples)l shows you at any time what is the current stock in all shopsl has pertinent management reports including promotions, gross margins and comparative sales. New in EPoS l AlfaRichi now offers functions for mobile sales, such as sandwich vans, using touch tablets with mobile broadband. The firm also just added solutions for processing wholesale orders and deliveries; customers place orders directly online, which can be seen and adjusted at head office before being integrated into the overall production figures.l Partner Tech UK recently launched the PT-6215 the latest in its series of compact all-in-one terminals, which combine customer display, magnetic card reader and thermal printer in one machine. The terminal was designed to save valuable retail space.l J2 Retail Systems’ new J2 630 is tipped to dramatically extend till life beyond the normal 5-7 years. A new motherboard can be slotted into the tens of thousands of J2 580s in use worldwide, to maximise end-user investment. EPoS in action: Woods Pies, Stoke-on-Trent Stoke-on-Trent bakery, Woods Pies, has found using its EPoS system to continually monitor sales and daily buying trends has given the company better control over stock and reduced wastage.Woods Pies uses Partner Tech’s PT-6200 all-in-one EPoS terminals to manage sales transactions and gather data in its four busy town-centre shops. The system was provided by bakery technology specialist RSA Systems and uses its Daybreak operating software. Sales data gathered in each shop is transmitted to a back-office system, where it can be displayed in the form of management reports and used to assess performance.Woods Pies director Neil Wood says having the tools to see exactly what each shop is selling throughout the day has helped him make daily buying decisions based on trading patterns.”Our EPoS system is constantly gathering and transmitting data from our shops to head office where we can track performance and refine our product offering,” he says. “Simple management reports mean we can easily see the times of the day when we need to bake to be prepared for peak selling periods, such as lunchtime and after school, and when we need to time our last bake-off in order to maximise sales and minimise wastage.”We can also plan promotions and record them on the system so that price reductions and multi-buys are automatically applied in-store, and end on the right day, without staff having to re-programme their tills.”Another positive is ease of use, he says: “For example, hot and cold products are clearly identified and the right VAT rates applied, which makes our monthly accounting duties much more straightforward.”
The branded coffee shop sector has continued to grow at a healthy rate, up 10% in 2011 versus 2010, and is now worth an estimated £2.1bn, with further growth predicted.Management consultancy Allegra Strategies has published the data from its largest consumer survey to date, for its Project Café11 UK report.Allegra said the market had doubled in size since 2005, with consumers embracing the growing coffee culture trend. The report found that one in 10 UK adults now visit a coffee shop on a daily basis. Thirty-nine per cent also stated that they visited coffee shops more frequently than they did 12 months ago.Jeffrey Young, managing director, Allegra Strategies, said: “More than 600 new coffee outlets opened in the UK during 2011. As consumers gain more opportunity to consume coffee through more outlets, they are making part of their lifestyle.”However despite the growth in the sector, the report highlighted that consumers are actually spending less per visit from £3.50 in 2009 to £3.18 in 2011, and were reducing their food purchases.Young said that it was the high quality independent coffee shops that were fuelling demand and driving the branded coffee shop sector to increase its focus on unique interiors and improved brewing methods.Allegra revealed that Costa Coffee is leading the growth of the branded coffee shop market, with 167 new outlets opened in the UK this year. The consultancy predicted that like-for-like sales growth in the UK coffee sector would continue to grow, with leading brands to average high single digit growth over the next five years.The report, which analysed more than 36,000 consumer responses, covers outlets including Costa Coffee, Starbucks, EAT, Greggs and Pret A Manger.>>Coffee shops top eating out popularity poll
Previous articleMishawaka man sentenced for child molestationNext articleFirst of eight voting murals to wrap up in Benton Harbor Jon ZimneyJon Zimney is the News and Programming Director for News/Talk 95.3 Michiana’s News Channel and host of the Fries With That podcast. Follow him on Twitter @jzimney. Pinterest By Jon Zimney – October 8, 2020 0 389 IndianaLocalNews Google+ WhatsApp Facebook Twitter (Photo supplied/ABC 57) A man found dead inside a mobile home in the 61000 block of Locust Road in St. Joseph County was shot to death.Police were called to the trailer just after 1:30 p.m. on Tuesday, Oct. 6, where they found the body of Bradley J. Hodges, 43.Hodges’ died due to a single gunshot wound. His death was ruled a homicide.Joseph County Metro Homicide Unit is handling the investigation, but so far, there is no word of any suspect.Hodges was last seen alive around 8 p.m. on Monday night, according to Metro Homicide.Anybody with information is asked to contact CMHU at 574-235-5009 or Michiana Crime Stoppers at 574-288-STOP. Facebook WhatsApp Man, 43, found dead inside mobile home on Locust Road was shot to death Google+ Pinterest Twitter
It has been my mission to make the public safe since I joined the fire service nearly 40 years ago. That’s why I’m pleased to see the government respond to our recommendations with concrete steps to ensure the safety of consumers, now and in the future. The new Office for Product Safety and Standards will strengthen the UK’s already tough product safety regime and will allow consumers to continue to buy secure in the knowledge there is an effective system in place if products need to be repaired or replaced. I thank the working group for their efforts to help improve product safety and I look forward to working with them in this new phase. The government will continue to work with stakeholders such as consumer groups, manufacturers and retailers to ensure the office coordinates the UK’s product safety regime as effectively as possible.This will not lessen any of the legal responsibilities that sit with manufacturers, importers and retailers to present safe products to the market, and to take rapid effective action when safety issues arise with their products.Other actions as part of the government’s response to the working group include: working with the British Standards Institution to provide guidance on product recalls and corrective action conducting research to help manufacturers and retailers develop technological solutions to product marking and identification increasing the reach of Primary Authority to further share business, local authority and Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) expertise to help protect consumers researching consumer behaviour to identify the best way to drive up the number of consumers registering appliances with manufacturers creating an expert panel to bring together trade associations, consumer and enforcement representatives to advise on product safety issues as they arise The government has today (21 January 2018) announced the creation of a new national oversight body tasked with identifying consumer risks and managing responses to large-scale product recalls and repairs.The new Office for Product Safety and Standards will enable the UK to meet the evolving challenges of product safety by responding to expanding international trade, the growth in online shopping and the increasing rate of product innovation.Today’s announcement comes as part of the government’s response to the Working Group on Product Recalls and Safety. Established in October 2016 by former Consumer Minister Margot James, the group of product and fire safety experts was brought together to build on the recommendations made by Lynn Faulds Wood in her independent review into consumer product recalls.In addition to providing support and advice for local authority Trading Standards teams, the office will co-ordinate work across local authorities where action is needed on a national scale and will ensure the UK continues to carry out appropriate border checks on imported products once the UK leaves the European Union.Business Minister Andrew Griffiths said: Neil Gibbins, Chair of the working group, said: Notes for editors The office will be based in the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) and will start work immediately. It will work closely with the BEIS Chief Scientific Advisor, Professor John Loughhead, to ensure it has access to cutting-edge scientific and technical expertise. The Working Group on Product Recalls and Safety was set up by former Consumer Minister Margot James to provide recommendations to improve the recalls process and the safety of consumer products. The group published its report in July 2017. The Office for Product Safety and Standards will cover general (non-food) consumer product safety. It will not cover vehicles, medicines and medical devices, or workplace equipment, which are already covered by other agencies. This remit is in line with the current responsibilities of BEIS on product safety. The remit of the office does not cover construction products, which are currently subject to a separate review being led by Dame Judith Hackitt. The government will carefully consider the recommendations of that review when it concludes. The Office for Product Safety and Standards will have a budget of around £12 million per year when fully operational. There are no changes to the roles and responsibilities of local authorities or other market surveillance authorities. The office will provide a number of specialist services centrally to support consistent national enforcement, including aspects of product testing and technical expertise. Primary Authority enables businesses to form a legal partnership with one local authority, which then provides assured and tailored advice on complying with environmental health, trading standards or fire safety regulations that other local regulators must respect.
Today that optimism has gone. The world feels more insecure and less stable and we are all – rightly – concerned: about resurgent nationalism, about whether “America First” signals a US retreat from the liberal world order; China’s ambitions in the South China Sea, Russia’s invasion of Crimea, hostile states using cyber to interfere in other countries’ democracies. Terrorism, nuclear war, water security. Our collective failure to stop the devastating conflict in Syria. The worst migration crisis since the second world war; five famine alerts.All suggest that the world order is not equipped to deal with the problems of the modern age.But to assess whether that is really the case, we need to know what we mean by the world order.I take it to comprise of three things. First, the architecture of the international system. That is, international organisations with truly global representation: the UN, the WTO, the IMF, the World Bank; and also quasi-international organisations with sub-global representation: NATO, the EU, the Commonwealth, APEC; and so on.Second, the laws, and rules that govern international affairs, sometimes, but not always, enforced by international courts like the ICJ, the ICC, the Permanent Court of Arbitration.And third, but less easily defined, the shared values that underpin that international architecture and international law. They are, I suggest:- A shared commitment to reward cooperation and negotiation and to punish aggression and hostility; – A shared belief that human life should be protected and human dignity respected;- a recognition that our mutual prosperity depends on our mutual engagement and mutual trade;- AND a recognition that we live on a shared planet with finite, common resources that must be managed for the benefit of all.So: architecture, law, values. It is a system which emerged from the aftermath of the Second World War and the horror of genocide. It is designed to prevent a third global war, and to reduce bloodshed from international conflicts. But it is also directed at raising living standards and enhancing life chances globally.On those most basic indicators, it has been a resounding success.There are proportionately fewer violent deaths today than there have ever been in history.Levels of education are steadily increasing.More and more countries are becoming democratic, and global extreme poverty tumbled from 44% in 1981, to less than 10% in 2015. Every day, 137,000 people come out of extreme poverty. No one tweets that, but it’s an amazing statistic.And that is the success of the world order: international architecture; international law; and shared values all contrive to prevent a Hobbesian state of nature, and instead encourage dialogue and co-operation for the better.But that is – in large part – the success of the 20th century. What about the 21st?In some respects, the challenges for the World Order in 2018 are the same as those in the 20th century: greater democratisation, increasing globalisation, and a sense of universal values and rights that would and could be protected – even across borders. When I first met my husband, in 2002, I was doing my Masters in international relations at the London School of Economics. He came to my housewarming party, and his chat up line, his opening gambit, was about Francis Fukuyama and the end of history: had liberal democracy really won the battle of ideology? To be honest I didn’t know, I thought it quite odd as a chat up line – but I liked him anyway.And when I think back to that time, there was a real sense of optimism about the world order. It was after the UK’s successful intervention in Sierra Leone, after NATO’s intervention in Kosovo – and before the misadventure in Iraq. Humanitarian interventionism was riding high; the Responsibility to Protect principle was gaining traction.Yes – 9/11 had been a shock, a reminder of the threat posed by non-state actors – but there seemed to be a broad consensus amongst state actors on the direction of travel. And that was: Hostile and belligerent states such as DPRK remain a threat to peace and stability. And the Rohingya crisis shows us how hard it is to respond, internationally, to sudden and systematic ethnic cleansing. But there are also very real differences between the post-war world, and the world today.First, there are new and emerging threats to the world order: from non-state actors like ISIS; from climate change; water scarcity; mass migration; cyber.Secondly, the global balance of power is shifting. We are moving from a unipolar to a multipolar world: the singular dominance of the United States is diminishing; Russia is back as an assertive presence in what it considers its neighbourhood, including the Middle East; and China is gaining global reach in terms of economic and political influence, and is aiming at vastly increased military capability.And thirdly, ideas that we thought were shared and settled are once again up for grabs. For instance, resurgent nationalism and populism challenge the assumption that globalisation and free trade, and the multilateral institutions that support them are necessarily good: the Brexit vote and the vote for President Trump had multiple roots. But they were as much votes for the nation state as they were against anything else.And there are certainly signs to suggest that the World Order is no longer functioning as it should. – In the UN, Russia’s cynical use of the veto on Syria has undermined the most basic task of the UN system: the provision of humanitarian aid, and the investigation of the use of chemical weapons. – And on global trade, the Doha round beyond stalled; and the US has withdrawn from TPP and wants to renegotiate NAFTA.So is the world order broken?We need to be careful not to add 2 and 2 to get 5. Just as Fukuyama was wrong to believe in a global narrative which irresistibly led to liberal democracy, it is also wrong to tell a story of decline or collapse of the world order today.In addition to the peace and prosperity gains of the 20th century, there have been real, tangible successes of international co-operation of late.In the security field, the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action on Iran has made the world a safer place; and co-operation on aviation security since 9/11 has denied terrorists the grand spectacle they crave.On climate change, the Paris Agreement has shown that the world’s nations can come together to tackle its most pressing challenge. Importantly, the US withdrawal did not spell the collapse of the agreement; if anything it emboldened others to meet their commitments and show leadership.So the world order is clearly not broken. But if it is to survive in an era of resurgent nationalism, and a shift in global power, it needs three things: reform of its architecture; an update to its law and rules; and a reinvigoration of the values that underpin it.First, reform the architecture. The international architecture is anachronistic – it reflects mid 20th century power structures, rather than the reality of the world today. So:(1) the UN needs reform. The Security Council should be expanded – the UK supports permanent seats for Germany, Brazil, India and Japan, as well as permanent representation for Africa. And the existing P5 must agree to exercise veto restraint if the integrity of the UN system is to survive..(2) NATO needs to reform. NATO members need to respond to President Trump’s challenge by meeting the 2% spending target of the Defence Investment Pledge. Decades of unprecedented peace in Europe is testament to NATO’s success; but it has also given rise to a complacency that the current security situation does not warrant.(3) The international system of globalised free trade must also reform, from the WTO down. Trade is a global good – and not just in economic terms; it also enhances bilateral relations and ensures a level of cooperation and interdependence that reduces the risk of conflict. But we must not ignore the rise in populist parties across the Western world, and elections which have broken the traditional centrist consensus. Many feel uncomfortable with the pace of change, they feel left behind. There is a perception that free trade, open borders, and multilateralism work for the elite but no-one else. So: free trade agreements of the future must champion progressive principles; ensure adequate worker and environmental protections; and reflect the continuing relevance and needs of the nation state.Other organisations also need to adapt and evolve. We need to reinvigorate the Commonwealth. And although the UK is leaving, I would argue that the EU, too, needs to reform. It needs to think carefully, reflecting on the Brexit vote, about how much more pooling of sovereignty its members and citizens will accept.Moving now to international law, we must ensure that it keeps pace with change in international affairs. Two areas in particular are in need of clearer international law:a. Cyber. The UK wants to see the full application of existing international law – including the UN Charter – to cyberspace;b. The environment. The impacts of climate change, marine pollution and other environmental hazards all require urgent and collective action: and international law has a key role to play.And, finally, our shared values.The principles of that we hold dear -democratisation, multilateralism, and human rights – are under threat in the global system: in the west and elsewhere.So we need to increase our efforts to make the case for the norms and values which underpin the international order. We should never assume consent.First, in the face of growing protectionism, we need to make the case for International Trade, emphasising that our mutual prosperity depends on it – while taking seriously the needs and concerns of those who feel left behind.Secondly, we need to reemphasize our belief in human dignity and the importance of protecting our shared resources. The global goods as we see them – human rights, tackling climate change, protecting the taonga of our wildlife and natural resources, gender rights, tackling poverty, tackling modern slavery – are not just good things to do in an altruistic, fluffy kind of way: they make sense in terms of the economics, and national self-interest of a country. If you don’t educate and empower women then – as Obama once said- you are leaving half your team on the bench. If we don’t tackle climate change now, it will cost us far more in life and treasure to respond to it later down the track.And finally, we need to reinvigorate a belief in multilateralism. International terrorism, climate change, nuclear proliferation, cyber attacks all require global multilateral solutions. But those solutions will only be achieved if we can base them on shared values: and if we can demonstrate the benefits of such co-operation to our citizens.To conclude: the international order has delivered peace and prosperity beyond the imaginings of my grandparents. But if it is to endure, it must adapt and evolve. And it is for countries like the UK and New Zealand – close friends with shared values, and a shared stake in the international system – to work together to make the case: for reform of the architecture, an updating of the law, and a reinvigoration of the values underpinning the world order.Thank you.