Newton Knight– abolitionist guerrilla leader in Mississippi

first_imgA hidden history of the Civil WarEver hear of the First Alabama Cavalry, or the name Newton Knight? Not likely. The capitalist media have always promoted stories of “former Confederate soldiers” who loyally served the Confederacy, loved Gen. Robert E. Lee, had no issue with slavery and so on. But there is another story, a hidden history, of poor white opposition to the Confederacy and to slavery.Newton KnightNewton Knight was a poor white farmer who fought the Confederacy with all his might. The First Alabama Cavalry was an anti-slavery pro-Union cavalry, mostly white but also Black, about 2,000 in total, whose members fought the Confederacy and eventually were escorts for Gen. Sherman during his historic march through Georgia in 1864.By far the greatest opposition to slavery came from the enslaved themselves, who always had escape in mind, aided both the Union army and Confederate deserters, fought for the right to fight the Confederacy, and heroically struggled for their freedom at every turn. But there was also significant opposition to the Confederacy from poor whites in every slave state.There is no better example than Knight, the leader of a guerilla group that fought the Confederacy and declared the “Free State of Jones” in Jones County, Miss. In 1921, Knight, aged 84 and living in obscurity, called on Meigs Frost, a reporter for the New Orleans Item, to tell his story and “get the true facts about Jones County during the war.” His life story was recorded in “The State of Jones” by Sally Jefferson and John Stauffer. (Doubleday, 2009)Mississippi, a land of large plantations and small farms, was the largest cotton-producing state in the South — cotton produced by the backbreaking forced labor of enslaved Africans. It was a land of rich, slave-owning aristocrats, 500,000 enslaved people, and poor white farmers.Jones County contained some of the poorest soil and poorest farmers in the state. It also had no sympathy for the slave owners. In 1861, the vote in Jones County was overwhelmingly for the anti-secession candidate. But the delegates in Jackson, Miss., represented only the powerful, not the popular, and Mississippi was the second state to secede. Many suspected of Union sympathies were lynched. It was a reign of terror.Knight, well known for his anti-slavery views, joined the Confederate army under threat of arrest and served as a hospital orderly, deserting soon after. He hid out in the swamps of northern Mississippi, learning what life was like for a runaway slave, and that the enslaved people aided Confederate deserters. He wasn’t captured without a fight. Manacled, flogged and taken to prison, Knight was given a choice: fight for the Confederacy or face a firing squad. But it wasn’t long after that that he deserted again, after Vicksburg, Miss., fell to the Union.This time, Knight found company with large bands of fellow deserters and organized. According to Jefferson and Stauffer, “The Newton Knight who returned to Jones County after Vicksburg was a strike-first killer and dedicated enemy of the Confederacy.” As many as 200 in number, the former soldiers elected Knight their captain, calling themselves “The Jones County Scouts,” and declared independence from the Confederacy.It didn’t take long for the Scouts to make a name for themselves, raiding Confederate supply convoys, distributing food to destitute families and helping to free any enslaved people that they could. For example, once the guerilla band seized the local Confederate conscription officer and “in broad daylight called him outside and voted on whether to hang him. He was ‘paroled’ after swearing to leave and never again enter the county.”According to local legend, when Major Amos McLemore of the Confederate army visited Jones County in 1863 to search out deserters, Knight shot him point blank in the head with a shotgun at a local tavern. However, “no one in the room could identify the attacker.”The Scouts had strong allies in the Black population, giving them food, ammunition, information and other supplies. There is no hard information about the composition of the guerilla army, except that “every day more blacks liberated from plantations came into the swamps to join the struggle.”Many enslaved people risked life and limb to help, particularly Rachel, an enslaved person, who married Knight after the war. According to Jenkins and Stauffer, “They had an agreement, she would provide him with food and he would work to secure her freedom.” Knight was as good as his word. Eventually, he committed a “crime” in post-Reconstruction Mississippi by recognizing their own children and fighting for their right to attend school. Rachel and Newton were buried together outside a cemetery, because it was also “illegal” to have integrated cemeteries at the time.The Confederacy responded with fierce repression against the guerrillas. Like the Pentagon did in Vietnam 100 years later, the slaveowners’ army tried to force them out of the swamps by torturing their families, ruining their farms, stealing their food and animals, and beating their spouses and children. An entire regiment of about 500 soldiers was sent to terrorize Jones County. Ten guerrillas were lynched, left hanging as a warning to others. But as soon as the Confederate army left to other war fronts, the Scouts reorganized. Eventually 53 scouts escaped to join the Union army.Newton Knight must rank among the heroes of the Civil War. Thousands of poor whites throughout the South followed his example and became pro-Union. It is no accident that his story was drowned out in the mythology of the neofascist post-Reconstruction period. As false as the racist myth of the “happy” slave of Disney cartoons is the myth that every poor white farmer of the Civil War South was racist and 100-percent loyal to the Confederacy.Due to the Civil Rights Movement, the new Black Lives Matter movement and the campaigns against the Confederate flag of slavery, the truth about the anti-slavery struggle continues to surface. According to Jenkins and Stauffer, “Newton Knight had more in common with the slaves he had met in the swamps, who treated him better and showed him more basic humanity than the Confederate authorities who claimed to be his countrymen.”FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

‘A-ha’ moments

first_imgLatest Stories ‘A-ha’ moments Troy falls to No. 13 Clemson Book Nook to reopen Penny Hoarder Issues “Urgent” Alert: 6 Companies Are… “That was hard to believe that in 2011 we were the first two women,” Roby said. “There were a lot of fresh faces in Congress that year, more than 100, and they represented all walks of life. I was there to work for you.”Roby highlighted what her days as a U.S. representative are like.“We have two different kinds of weeks – district week and work week,” she said. “This week is district week, and it’s when I’m out and about visiting schools, civic organizations and businesses listening to issue that are important to my constituents – the things that matter to you. District week gives me opportunities to stay in touch with the people of my district.”The other kind of week is workweek. It’s when Roby boards a plane and flies to Washington and walks up the hill to her office and goes to work.Roby has served on the Armed Services, Agriculture and Education and Work Force committees.“I have all respect for the men and women in uniform,” she said. “I’ve been to Afghanistan three times to be with our troops on Mother’s Day. That has given me an important perspective.“Agriculture is so important because it’s Alabama’s number one industry.”Of the Education and Work Force committee, Roby said that she is a strong advocate for local control.Roby didn’t say that the opportunity to vacate those committees and serve on the House Committee on Appropriations was an “ah-ha” moment in her political career but she did view it as a great opportunity to be in a position to direct where Americans’ dollars go.“Appropriations has oversight on the whole range of government spending,” Roby said. “This new role provides a unique opportunity to push for the kind of conservative spending priorities that will put us on a sustainable financial path for future generations.”Roby said that she loves her job and considers it an honor to work for the people of District Two and all Alabama.Roby also visited the Walmart Distribution Center in Brundidge and the Banks Buy Rite on Tuesday. Remember America’s heroes on Memorial Day Sponsored Content Around the WebMd: Do This Immediately if You Have Diabetes (Watch)Blood Sugar BlasterIf You Have Ringing Ears Do This Immediately (Ends Tinnitus)Healthier LivingHave an Enlarged Prostate? Urologist Reveals: Do This Immediately (Watch)Healthier LivingWomen Only: Stretch This Muscle to Stop Bladder Leakage (Watch)Healthier LivingRemoving Moles & Skin Tags Has Never Been This EasyEssential HealthBet You’re Pretty Curious About Jaden’s Net Worth Right About Now, HuhBradofoThe content you see here is paid for by the advertiser or content provider whose link you click on, and is recommended to you by Revcontent. As the leading platform for native advertising and content recommendation, Revcontent uses interest based targeting to select content that we think will be of particular interest to you. We encourage you to view your opt out options in Revcontent’s Privacy PolicyWant your content to appear on sites like this?Increase Your Engagement Now!Want to report this publisher’s content as misinformation?Submit a ReportGot it, thanks!Remove Content Link?Please choose a reason below:Fake NewsMisleadingNot InterestedOffensiveRepetitiveSubmitCancel Plans underway for historic Pike County celebration Email the author Skip By The Penny Hoarder The first occurred when Roby was watching television and heard there would be a vacancy on the Montgomery City Council.“It was one of those ‘ah-ha’ moments,” she said. “I just knew that I was supposed to run for that position. I ran, and I was not supposed to win, but I did.”Neither was Roby supposed to win her bid for the District 2 seat in the U.S. Congress. By Jaine Treadwell You Might Like Growing roots Tony and Jackie Harrison have made their homes in Banks. Florida brothers find their little slice of paradise in Banks… read more “Nobody thought that I could win but me and my husband – sometimes,” she said, laughing. “But I was determined that I was not going to let anybody outwork me.”Roby challenged the students to be open to any “ah-ha” moments that might come their way.“Keep your eyes open for those opportunities,” she said. “They might not be opportunities that are in your plan. But those ‘ah-ha’ opportunities were not in my plan. My plan was to be in the music industry in Nashville, not in the United State Congress and I would not be if I had not given those opportunities a second glance. When you get a gut feeling, don’t dismiss it.”Roby told the students that, when she assumed office in January 2011, she and Terri Sewell were the first women elected to Congress from Alabama in regular elections. Rep. Martha Roby spoke with constituents at the Banks Buy Rite on Tuesday.Roby encourages students to seek life-changing opportunitiesU.S. Rep. Martha Roby, R-Ala., encouraged the students at the Business and Finance Academy at Pike County High School Tuesday to be in tune to their “ah-ha” moments.Roby told the students that personal “ah-ha” moments propelled her into the Montgomery City Council race and then into the race for the U.S. Representative District 2 seat. Published 9:23 am Wednesday, January 22, 2014 Pike County Sheriff’s Office offering community child ID kits Print Articlelast_img read more

Conor McGregor says he ‘regrets’ melee that got him arrested on assault charges

first_imgJune 14, 2018 /Sports News – National Conor McGregor says he ‘regrets’ melee that got him arrested on assault charges Beau Lund FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailMary Altaffer-Pool/Getty Images(NEW YORK) — Mixed martial arts star Conor McGregor broke his silence Thursday about allegedly sparking a melee in April in Brooklyn, New York, that left two foes injured – saying he “regrets” his actions in the out-of-Octagon altercation.The 29-year-old Irish cage brawler spoke following a brief hearing in Brooklyn Supreme Court, where a prosecutor told a judge that McGregor and another MMA fighter, Cian Cowley, were in the process of negotiating a plea deal on assault charges. “I regret my actions that lead me here today,” the heavily tattooed McGregor told reporters as he left the courthouse. “I understand the seriousness of this matter and I am hopeful that it gets resolved soon.”McGregor, the former Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC) featherweight and lightweight titleholder, was charged with three counts of assault and one count of criminal mischief after being arrested on April 6. He allegedly attacked a bus full of fighters following a pre-fight press conference for what had been billed as a 13-bout UFC 223 match at the Barclays Center. Fighters Michael Chiesa and Ray Borg were injured by flying glass when McGregor threw a metal dolly at their bus in a backstage area of the Barclays Center, shattering a window. The attack was caught on video and also showed Cowley allegedly hurling a chair at the bus and McGregor also attempting to throw a metal barricade to the vehicle before he was stopped. Cowley, 25, was also charged with assault and criminal mischief.Brooklyn Assistant District Attorney Janet Gleeson told a judge Thursday that the case against McGregor and Cowley has not been presented to a grand jury for possible indictment due to the plea negotiations.McGregor and Cowley were ordered to return to court on July 26. They both remain free on $50,000 bail each.Copyright © 2018, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.center_img Written bylast_img read more

Spinner Warrican in Windies squad for UAE Tests

first_imgLEFT-arm spinner Jomel Warrican has been included in West Indies’ Test squad for the series against Pakistan in the UAE. Warrican was the only addition to the 14 players who constituted the squad for the third and fourth Tests of the home series against India in August.The 15-man squad featured seven batsmen (including wicketkeeper Shane Dowrich), three allrounders (Jason Holder, Carlos Brathwaite and Roston Chase) and five bowlers – three right-arm pacers, a legspinner and a left-arm spinner.West Indies lost 2-0 to India in their recently concluded four-Test home series. They saved the second Test thanks to a gutsy rearguard century from Chase and fighting fifties from Dowrich and Holder. The fourth Test was washed out, with no play possible after the first session on day one.Batsmen Leon Johnson and Shai Hope, and fast bowler Alzarri Joseph, had been added to West Indies’ squad for the third and fourth Tests of that series. Only Johnson and Joseph featured in the playing XI, but neither had any standout performances.West Indies play three Tests in the UAE, the first in Dubai from October 13 being the maiden day-night fixture for both teams. The second Test is in Abu Dhabi from October 21, and the third in Sharjah from October 30.Squad : Jason Holder (captain), Kraigg Brathwaite (vice captain), Devendra Bishoo, Jermaine Blackwood, Carlos Brathwaite, Darren Bravo, Roston Chase, Miguel Cummins, Shane Dowrich, Shannon Gabriel, Shai Hope, Leon Johnson, Alzarri Joseph, Marlon Samuels, Jomel Warricanlast_img read more