Brazilian and Argentinian Troops Conduct Simulated Exercise Against Invading Force

first_imgBy Andréa Barretto/Diálogo November 05, 2018 An enemy force takes over a territory near Brazil’s border with Argentina. The countries unite, forming the Guarani Combined Brigade to fight and resolve the conflict. The scenario, a simulated exercise of Operation Guarani, brought together 146 Brazilian and Argentine service members. The exercise, conducted since 2007, includes the Brazilian Army’s (EB, in Portuguese) First Mechanized Cavalry Brigade and the Argentine Army’s 12th Mountain Brigade. The countries take turns hosting the operation every three years. The planning, simulated training, and live operation with troops on the ground take place during the three-year time span. The planning meetings for the 2019 edition of Operation Guarani began in April 2017. Participants completed the training simulation in September 2018 in Brazil, at the Southern Military Command, in Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul state. In September 2019, the troops will put their knowledge to the test in a live exercise. “It’s very rewarding for the 12th Mountain Brigade and the Argentine Army to participate with our friends from the Brazilian Army in Operation Guarani,” said Argentine Army Brigadier General Juan Antonio Zamora, commander of the 12th Mountain Brigade. The officer coordinates the operation alongside EB Brigadier General Raul Rodrigues de Oliveira, commander of the First Mechanized Cavalry Brigade. Virtual combat The simulated exercise of Operation Guarani consists of a war game. Participants use the COMBATER system, which simulates interactions based on information provided prior to the game—for instance, maps of the territory—and during the game. Participants were first introduced to the exercise’s scenario: An extra-continental power invaded Brazil, identified as the green country. To fight the invader, the blue country (Argentina) assisted the green country, establishing the Guarani Combined Brigade. The exercise leaders provided scenarios to the players, who organized into several teams made up of Brazilian and Argentine elements, to come up with a plan. Each plan’s information was then entered into the software. “The software can create interactions between parties, the Guarani Brigade and the invading force. For instance, each time that a troop is deployed it can be observed by the other, possibly becoming a target for enemies. In this case, the software calculates the damage caused to the opposing force based on the characteristics of each force’s weaponry,” Brig. Gen. Raul said. While participants watched as the system executed their command, they faced new challenges. “These are the so-called simulated military problems,” said Brig. Gen. Raul, providing another example: A troop from the Guarani Brigade traveled down a road. No enemy maneuvers were initially scheduled on that area. Leaders, however, opted to create a conflict situation to train the troop. The responsible officer received their order and devised a new plan and new maneuvers. In this phase of Operation Guarani, the only simulated events are combat activities, which the software conducts. Participants’ discussion, planning, and decision-making are based on real commitment and doctrines pertaining to both countries. “This is the great gain and the main objective of the exercise: the teamwork from the higher ranks to those who execute the orders. The simulation provides a sense of what the interaction will be like, to test the planning efficiency, what goals were met, what can be improved, etc.,” Brig. Gen. Raul said. Real maneuvers Representatives from the First Mechanized Cavalry Brigade and the 12th Mountain Brigade will meet in May and July 2019. The final phase of Operation Guarani, scheduled for September 15-21, 2019, in Rio Grande do Sul, will take place 600 kilometers away from the Argentine capital. Hundreds of Brazilian and Argentine service members are expected to participate in a binational joint training to combat invaders from another continent. Each country will deploy troops, equipment, and weaponry. The 12th Mountain Brigade will participate with their U.S.-made Humvees, while the Brazilian brigade will use the Urutu and Cascavel armored vehicles, made in Brazil. Maj. Gen. Raul believes Operation Guarani benefits both countries on different aspects. The operation allows for language, culture, and doctrinal knowledge exchange. The exercise also strengthens cooperation and bonds of friendships between both armies. “On the military level, it also enables a great exchange, especially regarding the operational planning systems of each force. As we get to know each other even more, we can perhaps develop a common method to plan military operations,” he said.last_img read more

House prices in Gladstone and Mackay outperform market

first_imgAn aerial view of Gladstone, which has seen a near 12 per cent increase in house prices.HOUSE prices in Gladstone have jumped nearly 12 per cent after hitting rock bottom last quarter as the market recovers from a prolonged property slump.The latest figures from the Real Estate Institute of Queensland show investors are returning to the central Queensland region as demand outweighs supply in a thriving rental market and the local economy recovers from the mining downturn.Gladstone was the surprise standout performer in the latest REIQ Quarterly Market Monitor — recording quarter on quarter growth of 11.8 per cent in its median sales price. This five-bedroom house at 3 Vincent Street, West Gladstone, is for sale for $449,000.Annually, the city’s median house price rose 3.7 per cent to a still very affordable $280,000.The figures confirm the latest Herron Todd White report, which found Gladstone’s vacancy rate has fallen to 1.8 per cent — the lowest since 2012. The report stated affordability was still a “key driver” of the market and was attracting newcomers.Further north, Mackay also outperformed the rest of the Queensland housing market, with its median house price growing by 3.9 per cent in the September quarter. Mackay house prices increased nearly 4 per cent in the September quarter, according to the REIQ.Home prices also headed north on the Fraser Coast, with the region posting 1.6 per cent annual growth in its median sale price to $325,000.Despite that growth, the REIQ says the region is still on the road to recovery.When it comes to units, Noosa stood out ahead of other regions with a whopping 15.4 per cent growth quarter on quarter in median sales price to $650,000.The unit market’s weakest performers for the quarter included Mackay and Logan, recording quarter on quarter growth of negative 27.6 per cent and negative 10.2 per cent respectively.More from newsParks and wildlife the new lust-haves post coronavirus10 hours agoNoosa’s best beachfront penthouse is about to hit the market10 hours agoThe state’s rental market tightened at a quicker pace between the June and September quarters this year compared to last year, indicating demand for rental accommodation continues to remain high. REIQ CEO Antonia Mercorella. Photo: Claudia Baxter.Brisbane LGA’s vacancy rate tightened to 1.6 per cent — the lowest rate for the region in over a decade. This being an indicator of a highly competitive market where oversupply of new rental stock is quickly taken up.The Greater Brisbane market also recorded its lowest vacancy rate in more than 10 years at 1.7 per cent, placing it well within the tight range.Gympie became the tightest rental market in the September quarter, reporting a vacancy rate of just 0.3 per cent.last_img read more

USC playing unfamiliar role in BCS title hunt

first_imgIt’s safe to say that, at this point in the season No. 18 USC was expected to be a major player in the Bowl Championship Series national championship race.And guess what? They are, still.Rematch · USC lost its regular season matchup with Oregon on Nov. 3, 62-51. The Trojans would likely play the Ducks again if USC defeats UCLA on Saturday, earning a berth in the Pac-12 championship game. – Sean Roth | Daily TrojanNot in the way people expected the Trojans to be, though. Not an undefeated team on a collision course with Alabama. Though they might not be playing for the national title game anymore, they could still leave a profound effect on it.It is presumptuous, to say the least, seeing as it is entirely possible that USC loses to a quality No. 17 UCLA team on Saturday. But if the Trojans win, their remaining games are against No. 3 Notre Dame on Thanksgiving weekend at the Coliseum and (probably) against No. 2 Oregon in the Pac-12 championship game the following Friday.With the Fighting Irish, Ducks and No. 1 Kansas State all undefeated, it will presumably take a perfect season for a chance to play for the BCS crystal ball. If USC knocks off Oregon or Notre Dame, both of their chances are shot. In the 14-year history of the BCS, only two undefeated teams from one of the six major conferences have ever been denied the right to play for the national championship, and that was because they were ranked behind two other undefeated BCS teams. So it is safe to say that there is no chance any one-loss team gets in this year.Right now, Notre Dame is on the outside looking in at two undefeated teams ahead of them. The Irish seemingly need Oregon or Kansas State to stumble in one of their final games. That would diminish USC’s matchup with the Irish since, even if USC wins, Notre Dame wouldn’t have made the title game anyways, right?Wrong. There is no conceivable that the University of Notre Dame — of Rudy, Touchdown Jesus, “Play Like a Champion Today” and Knute Rockne fame — could win every single football game they play and not get the chance to play for a national championship. I know they are ranked No. 3. I know their wins have been unimpressive to say the least, and borderline unwatchable at times to say a little more. I know they have won quite a few games they probably shouldn’t have. But if the Fighting Irish go undefeated, it will play for the national title and this is an inevitable fact.Oregon, of course, has been nothing short of the most impressive team in the country this year, and anyone who was at the Coliseum on Nov. 3 knows exactly what its offense can do. It would be an impressive win for USC to knock off either of these teams, and it would sort out an awful lot of questions assuming Kansas State runs the table.But if the Trojans beat UCLA on Saturday, then beat Notre Dame in their regular season finale and beat Oregon in the Pac-12 title game, things would really get interesting. First and foremost, there would be only one undefeated team remaining: in Kansas State. That would mean voters would be faced with the unfortunate task of choosing among several one-loss teams such as the Irish or the Ducks, as well as the potential SEC champion in Alabama or Georgia, for the other spot in the title game, leaving a lot of unhappy teams and fans across the country who would feel their team deserved that spot.If USC should knock off two of the nation’s remaining undefeated teams, they would open a door for the SEC champion to move into the national championship game.This is a much bigger deal then it may initially seem. See, the winner of the SEC championship game has made the BCS championship game every year for the last six seasons, and five of those teams have won. The one loss was LSU last year, who fell to fellow SEC foe Alabama.An SEC team has won the national championship for six straight years. Now, it appears the conference’s only chance to make it seven is with a little — or a lot — of help from USC. This is especially ironic because of the SEC’s general hatred of the Trojans’ third-year coach Lane Kiffin, a hate stemming from his one-year stint at Tennessee where he made quite a few waves, to say the least.For USC, which felt so wronged by the Reggie Bush sanctions, to be almost singlehandedly responsible for total college football mayhem would be a sort of poetic justice. One thing Trojan fans wanted at the start of the year was to stick it to the NCAA by winning the national championship in their first year of bowl eligibility. That chance is long gone, but the Trojans still have a lot of say left in how this season winds down.Just, this time, as the spoiler. “Any Given Saturday” runs every other Wednesday. If you would like to comment on this story, visit DailyTrojan.com or email Nick at [email protected]last_img read more

Women’s basketball eliminated from Pac-12 tournament with loss to Oregon State

first_imgThe Trojans fell to No. 8 Oregon State 63-53 on Friday night, marking the end of the team’s Pac-12 tournament play. Despite rallying several times, the Trojans were unable to outmatch the 3-point shooting to overcome an early deficit.Oregon State opened the game with a 7-run to jump out to an 8-2 lead within the first three minutes of the game. Despite several strong plays from junior Kristen Simon and sophomore Sadie Edwards, the Trojans were unable to keep up the scoring pace and fell behind 18-8. USC chipped away at that lead several times — bringing the score within 6 several times — but consistent 3 shots from Oregon State disrupted the Trojans’ rhythm. But the end of the quarter saw the Trojans bounce back, when freshman Aliyah Mazyck sparked an offensive surge. Edwards finished the half with a converted 3-point play, cutting the deficit to only 6 points.Despite carrying that momentum into the locker room, Oregon State came back with dominating offense to start the second half. After knocking down two 3s and another bucket, the Beavers took a 44-33 lead and held onto it for the rest of the half. Like the first half, the Trojans were able to chip away at Oregon State’s lead, bringing it down to seven or eight points on a few occasions, but it wasn’t enough to keep up against the high-powered Beavers’ shooting.At the end of the game, Oregon State dropped nine 3s against the Trojans’ three and held USC’s leading scorer Temi Fagbenle to only 10 points and six rebounds. Without Fagbenle producing her normal amount of points, Edwards stepped up to deliver 20 points. As a total, the Trojans shot only 38 percent against Oregon State’s 53 percent. The disparity in effectiveness from the floor was the ultimate downfall for the Trojans, as they ended their run in the tournament and fell to 19-13 overall against the highly-ranked Oregon State squad.last_img read more