USS Enterprise Completes SHOTEX

first_imgBack to overview,Home naval-today USS Enterprise Completes SHOTEX Medical department Sailors aboard aircraft carrier USS Enterprise (CVN 65) conducted a ship-wide vaccination, or SHOTEX, while on deployment March 19-20.The SHOTEX evolution allows a large percentage of the crew to quickly and efficiently receive the immunizations required for them to operate in the U.S. 5th Fleet area of responsibility.The shots are part of an effort to keep Sailors healthy and mission ready at all times. During this SHOTEX, corpsmen administered vaccines for both small pox and anthrax.“Anthrax and small pox are mandatory vaccinations for uniformed personnel deploying to the U.S. Central Command area of responsibility for more than 15 consecutive days,” said Lt. Monica E. Hernandez, a medical administrative officer aboard Enterprise.In preparing for the evolution, supplies of vaccine syringes, biohazard containers and other medical supplies were ordered to help facilitate the large number of Sailors who would receive the vaccinations. “We staged approximately 20 hospital corpsmen throughout the department in an effort to make the evolution as smooth as possible,” said Hospital Corpsman 1st Class Jeffery D. Bozeman. “We administered roughly 3,000 vaccines in 48 hours.”The Big E keeps thousands of medical supplies on board to facilitate an evolution like this, as well as to prepare for every day occurrences.“We make sure that we have the supplies we need and if not we make an effort to have what we need brought in by helocoptor or during an underway replenishment,” said Chief Hospital Corpsman Luis A Valdez, a Medical department chief petty officer.The medical department’s planning prior to the vaccinations ensured there were more than enough supplies on-hand and that the SHOTEX was successful.“My guys did a great job in making sure that this was a smooth evolution.”The Medical department administered the vaccines in order to help prepare the crew for the possibility of a bio-chemical attack aimed at the ship.“If an enemy were to attack using biological warfare, the vaccines can add to the first line of defense against infection,” said Hernandez. “We do our part to make sure that the crew is ready to perform the mission at a moments notice.”Training evolutions like SHOTEX are important elements of the readiness area of the 21st Century Sailor and Marine initiative which consolidates a set of objectives and policies, new and existing, to maximize Sailor and Marine personal readiness, build resiliency and hone the most combat-effective force in the history of the Department.[mappress]Naval Today Staff , March 27, 2012; Training & Education Share this article March 27, 2012 View post tag: USS View post tag: Navy View post tag: Naval USS Enterprise Completes SHOTEX View post tag: Enterprise View post tag: SHOTEX View post tag: completes View post tag: News by topiclast_img read more

Christmas Stars deadline extended

first_imgIn exciting news for bakers looking to cash in on seasonal sales growth, there’s still time to enter our Christmas Stars competition! Entries now close on 8 July. Any baker can enter to be in with a chance to be crowned a British Baker Christmas Star across 11 different categories.Winners can showcase their success with a Winner or Highly Recommended logo, to be used across all marketing material and on packs.“Christmas is one of the busiest periods for any baker, if not the busiest,” said Martyn Leek, editor of British Baker.“That’s why this initiative is one of vital importance and will give the winners that competitive Christmas edge. Here at British Baker we’re lucky enough to taste great products all year round. But, when it comes to Christmas, the industry raises the bar – in taste, aesthetics and creativity. We wanted to celebrate this hard work, so British Baker’s Christmas Stars was born.”2016 has 11 categories to choose from, covering all the Christmas bakery staples:Cake Bar: It can be a bar that is sold individually or in a multi-pack. Can include any ingredient, but must have a festive feel or packaging. Can be a traybake.Christmas Biscuit Selection: Must include at least 12 biscuits and it has to have a combination of chocolate and plain. It must be sold as a selection especially for Christmas.Christmas Cake: The cake must be no bigger than 12 inches in diameter. It must contain a mix of dried fruit and almonds and can be decorated in any way.Christmas Gingerbread: It can be an individual gingerbread or a pack of no more than 12. Gingerbread can be decorated in any way.Festive Bread: This can be any type of bread (white, brown, wholemeal, sourdough, rye, etc), but must only be available for sale over the Christmas period. Up to 800g in weight.Festive Cake or Pudding: A cake or pudding (but not a traditional Christmas pudding) of any size, and featuring any ingredients or baking technique. However, the product must only be available for sale over the festive period.Gluten Free: A new category for 2016, this can be any type of gluten-free product (e.g. biscuit, cake or pudding). It is an open weight class, but products must be less than 20 ppm in gluten content.Mince Pie: Entries must consist of six mince pies. Entrants can use any kind of pastry. They must contain mincemeat. They can also be of any shape or size.Panettone: This sweet Italian bread must include vanilla, citrus and candied fruit. It can be of any size or shape.Savoury Biscuit: The entry can include biscuits all of the same type or of a varied style.Stollen: This yeasted cake must contain almonds and a mix of dried fruit. It can be of any size or shape.Traditional Christmas Pudding: The pudding must be no bigger than seven inches in diameter. It must contain a mix of dried fruit and some kind of alcohol, and can be decorated in any way.So, whether you have one shop or hundreds, if you supply the supermarkets or foodservice, then this is the seal of approval for you.Entries cost £377 +VAT per product, or for independent companies with 30 employees or less £199 +VAT (this will be independently verified)Enter now at read more

Precision Agriculture

first_imgA fifth-generation farmer in Calhoun County, Adam McLendon starts his days at the crack of dawn.He looks at software logs that show his tractors’ fuel use the previous day, and whether his irrigation system is functioning efficiently. He reviews satellite imagery of his 8,500 acres of corn, cotton, peanuts and pecans, revealing which areas he needs to prioritize.“I spend the first 45 minutes of my day, every day of the week, utilizing technology to make me a more efficient manager of our labor and our farm,” McLendon said.Efficient management is the hallmark of modern agriculture. Scientists project that the world’s population will reach 9.7 billion by the middle of the century, and to feed all of those people, crop production will need to double in the next 30 years.With this challenge looming, precision agriculture — the use of technology to increase the profitability, efficiency and sustainability of crop production — has become an indispensable part of farm management as growers try to maximize every acre.The University of Georgia was among the first academic institutions to delve into precision agriculture when it emerged in the mid-1990s. A quarter-century later, UGA is stepping up efforts to expand its faculty, curriculum, research and outreach to again become a leader in the field.“There has always been a historical willingness to adopt new technologies in agriculture. The sustainable future of Georgia agriculture will remain dependent on the creation and adoption of new technology,” said Sam Pardue, dean and director of the UGA College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences. “Today, we are faced with the challenge of feeding a world in which demand for food is expected to double. Feeding a growing world requires getting more yield out of each precious acre of land.”Agriculture is Georgia’s largest industry. According to UGA’s Center for Agribusiness and Economic Development, agriculture contributes more than $73 billion to the state economy, with row and forage crops injecting more than $11.5 billion. Cotton is planted on the most acres, but Georgia ranks No. 1 in the nation in the production of peanuts, pecans and blueberries.Suffice to say, agriculture is big business in Georgia, and UGA’s outreach around precision agriculture techniques has played a big role in the state’s agricultural expansion.“As we’ve seen technology progress at such a rapid pace, we’ve seen the University of Georgia’s role grow … as that unbiased third party that can help some of these growers feel comfortable using these technologies and not feel like it’s being pushed on them by industry,” said Wes Porter, UGA Cooperative Extension precision agriculture and irrigation specialist.21st century farmingThe tools of precision agriculture include an array of technologies like GPS guidance and soil sampling, sensors, robotics, drones, autonomous vehicles, variable rate technology, control systems, smartphone apps and software.From GPS guidance that accurately operates tractors planting and harvesting row crops, to soil moisture monitors and irrigation software that keep growers constantly informed about water application, precision technology has transformed modern agriculture.“We’re all so accustomed to the technology, it would be incredibly challenging without it,” McLendon said. “Technology will never replace a farmer’s intimate knowledge of his land and his resources, but it allows us to prioritize and become better stewards of the land and our resources to be more efficient.”Farming in the last quarter-century barely resembles what McLendon’s ancestors did.“It is mind-blowing to see how far agriculture has progressed,” said Calvin Perry, the superintendent of UGA’s C.M. Stripling Irrigation Research Park in Camilla, Georgia. “But I think of my grandfather who was plowing behind a mule and then saw GPS auto-steer guidance on tractors in his lifetime. Putting it in that perspective, yeah, we’ve come a ways, but some folks have seen even greater change.”A spark from two studentsBack in 1995, Stuart Pocknee and Broughton Boydell were beginning their doctoral and master’s degrees, respectively, at UGA in the CAES Department of Crop and Soil Sciences. Their thesis and dissertation — “The Management of Within-Field Soil Variability” by Pocknee and “Yield Mapping of Peanut: A First Stage in the Development of Precision Farming for Peanut” by Boydell — weren’t just any grad student projects. Their studies launched UGA into the realm of precision agriculture.They wanted to evaluate and measure the variability in fields and yields: soil properties, nutrient levels, everything that affects how a crop grows. Their professor, Craig Kvien, turned to colleagues George Vellidis (then an assistant professor) and Calvin Perry (a research engineer) for help with developing a peanut yield monitor.“We didn’t have any tools to do that,” said Vellidis, now a professor in crop and soil sciences and director of academic programs at UGA’s Tifton campus. “That’s what got us into the research arena of precision agriculture — to try to develop these tools that would give these students the ability to do the research they wanted. And it just sort of exploded from there.“It’s a cool twist that we got started on this because of two students who came here with ideas we hadn’t thought of yet. They helped us launch a program that is still going strong 25 years later.”UGA developed a patented peanut yield monitoring system and did similar research on cotton yield monitors. The university was also a pioneer in the development of variable-rate irrigation, helping bring that technology to market in the mid-2000s.Adaption and adoptionFor much of the last decade, UGA has focused on technologies that could be adopted by farmers in Georgia and the Southeast. Porter, who received the Educator/Researcher Award from the PrecisionAg Institute in 2019, became the most recent member of the UGA precision agriculture team to be nationally and internationally recognized for his work. Porter works with Georgia farmers to promote innovations that can benefit the state’s agriculture industry and make it more sustainable.“My role is to help develop and apply research that’s been done by our scientists or in collaboration with Extension specialists, and to work with our farmers and Extension agents to get that information out to our farmers,” said Porter. “To make sure they know how to implement it and are comfortable using it on their farms.”Some of that work includes using unmanned autonomous vehicles and multispectral cameras to develop in-season fertility recommendations for corn and cotton. Porter also studies variable-depth planting based on soil texture to increase yield. Some of that research has taken place on McLendon’s farm, which has a mix of cotton, corn and peanuts.“We are very fortunate as growers in Georgia to have the University of Georgia,” McLendon said. “They’re an unbelievable resource for agriculture in the area. We’ve worked with them to try to have a number of acres allotted to research and development each year, and then we weed through that R&D to decide what we’re going to adapt in the commercial operation here.”Adoption by farmers is key. When the price tag appears overwhelming, it is up to the researchers and Extension specialists to show farmers the potential benefits. Auto-steer is a perfect example of this. With a price tag approaching $25,000 per vehicle, it was hard for farmers to see the break-even point. But UGA research showed that using auto-steer has big payoffs in peanut production by significantly reducing digging losses when inverting peanuts, reducing overlaps on spraying and tillage operations, and improving overall efficiency. In many cases, it has a one-year payback.“We thought it was too expensive and farmers would probably never adopt it,” recalls Perry. “Within a few years, nearly every farmer had it on every tractor. And they often use variable-rate spraying and variable-rate fertilizer application. All of those now are accepted standards of how to do business, when early on they were pie in the sky.”Variable-rate irrigation (VRI) hasn’t quite achieved the same adoption rates as auto-steering. UGA developed VRI technologies that have been broadly adopted by irrigation companies, but cost and complexity have limited its adoption by farmers.“The cost factor can really add up if you’re retrofitting a very large center-pivot operation,” Perry said. “If you buy an auto-steer system for your tractor, you’re going to use that tool over every acre that you farm. But when it comes to something you add to a center-pivot irrigation system, it’s only going to be used for that system for that field. So you can’t spread that cost out over a lot of acres.”While his operation only uses VRI on a field-by-field basis due to its cost, McLendon says irrigation management software is a critical element of his operation.“It allows us to monitor what we’re putting out water-wise and align that with what the crop needs at any given growth stage,” he said. “Those are things we use on a day-to-day basis that really do help our bottom line and help us be more efficient managers of our time and resources. It pays for itself quickly.”Porter, Vellidis and Perry continue to do research that shows the benefits of precision irrigation. Vellidis calls it the “missing piece of the puzzle” for farming, particularly in the Southeast.“We need to show our farmers what a dramatic impact it makes on their efficiency to use smart irrigation tools,” Vellidis said. “Not only will they use less water and energy, but over-irrigating also depresses their yields. We have to educate people that more water is not always better.”Keeping up with big dataThe biggest growth area in precision agriculture is data acquisition and management. In the early days of floppy discs and unreliable radio transmission relays, getting data from battery-hogging field monitors was a cumbersome chore that took substantial time and effort. Now, with computer chips linking monitors by cell signal, massive volumes of data can be uploaded directly to the internet in seconds.“Things that were hard to do in the early days are now easy and cheap instead of complicated and expensive,” Perry said. “It opens up a lot of new opportunities to do things that were out of our reach years ago.”All that data requires significant adjustments in the educational mission.“Back then collecting data was the bottleneck; now the bottleneck is how do we use the data to make better management decisions,” Vellidis said. “We’re collecting data on a terabyte scale, and we just don’t have the know-how or the algorithms to convert all the data into actionable management decisions for farmers. That’s the research frontier right now. We want to be able to mine this data and extract as much as we can out of it.”Harald Scherm, CAES plant pathology department head, worked with colleagues from multiple UGA departments to create a new graduate level Agricultural Data Science Certificate. The interdisciplinary program — which launched in 2018 with core courses focusing on data handling, quality control, data analysis and interpretation — is designed for graduate students in traditional agriculture and food science disciplines to become more literate in manipulating and analyzing large data sets that are generated by precision agriculture or crop modeling analytics.“We’re not training computer scientists or statisticians but really people who can bridge the gap, in that they have the domain knowledge of agriculture and the kinds of data being generated,” Scherm said. “They’ll also have basic understanding of various analytical approaches that can be used to deal with these data and ultimately help interpret the data and put it in context.“It’s a unique program and fits into the overall precision agriculture space. It’s a part of the puzzle.”Working across boundariesChangying “Charlie” Li, a professor of phenomics and plant robotics in the College of Engineering, is focused on another growing area under the umbrella of precision agriculture: high-throughput phenotyping. Li is finishing a five-year U.S. Department of Agriculture National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) Specialty Crop Research Initiative project on the mechanical harvesting of fresh-market blueberries and phenotyping technologies for blueberry mechanical harvestability selection.“We developed a mechanical harvest aid system where you can substantially increase the harvest efficiency while at the same time keeping quality as good as hand-picked fruit,” Li said. “The 3D imaging technology could help plant breeders change the shape of a plant to be more conducive to mechanical harvesting.”Li also has led a National Robotics Initiative project on high-throughput phenotyping, developing robots and imaging technology in tandem with traditional biology techniques to noninvasively map observable characteristics, such as biomass, canopy architecture and yield. The technology could help breeders and geneticists, for example, enhance breeding efficiency and pinpoint genes responsible for stress tolerance and high yield.All these projects illustrate the diversity of disciplines needed to foster advancements in precision agriculture.“We have to work across the boundaries and work with people in different disciplines,” Li said. “Electrical engineers, computer scientists, geneticists, horticulturalists, plant pathologists, economists, statisticians and geographers.”“We need everybody working together to solve these problems,” said Vellidis.To promote that kind of interdisciplinary work, UGA created a Phenomics and Plant Robotics Center in 2018, with 30 faculty members from four different schools and colleges and many different departments.“There’s synergy that can be developed to work on a lot of these problems,” said Perry.Eye on the futureUGA is adding faculty to assist in outreach and research with designs on restoring its place as the academic leader in precision agriculture.“I think UGA has a legacy in this area,” Li said of UGA’s commitment to growing its faculty resources in precision agriculture. “Higher computing power, better machine-learning algorithms and more agricultural data are providing an unprecedented opportunity for precision agriculture and smart farming. A lot of issues we could not have resolved 30 years ago now are possible to address.”Everyone involved in precision agriculture at UGA, from Tifton to Athens, believes the next 10 to 20 years will see dramatic changes in automation and robotics as farmers maximize efficiency and production to become more sustainable.“Ultimately where we’re going will be to develop fleets of autonomous machines — that’s the direction we see over the next 20 years,” Vellidis said. “We could have these swarms of robots going plant by plant with sensors on them to detect insects or disease pressure or water stress, or to harvest cotton one boll at a time.”Until the robots take over, McLendon is satisfied with the direction technology is moving and the many ways it’s already improved his way of life.“You have an app on your phone you pull up [to monitor] your irrigation pivot wherever it is, and you can see where it’s pointed and how it’s watering, what the pressure is like and also receive text message alerts as to whether or not that pivot has shut down in the middle of the night,” he said. “I can’t tell you how many times, before we started utilizing that technology, that we checked pivots at 8 o’clock right before we knock off for the day and it’s watering good, and you come back at 7 the next morning and it’s about 10 yards from where you checked it. It’s still watering, wasting water, wasting energy, wasting everything — just for lack of technology monitoring.”For more information about precision agriculture research, visit read more

New steelmaking technology could pose major threat to future demand for metallurgical coal

first_imgNew steelmaking technology could pose major threat to future demand for metallurgical coal FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Renew Economy:German manufacturing giant Thyssenkrupp has completed a successful, first-of-its-kind demonstration of running a steel furnace completely on hydrogen, a development that is likely to further dent the future prospects for the global coal industry.The company successfully demonstrated the ability for hydrogen to be used to fuel a steel blast furnace, and Thyssenkrupp sees the achievement as the first step towards transitioning the manufacturing industry towards zero-emissions steel production. The use of hydrogen to fuel the blast furnaces in steel production also provides a pathway for using renewable hydrogen, potentially eliminating the dependence of the industry on coal.“Today is a groundbreaking day for the steel industry,” chairman of Thyssenkrupp Steel Europe Premal Desai told Renew Economy in an interview in Sydney. “We are doing pioneering work here. The use of hydrogen is the key lever for climate-neutral steel production. Today’s test is another step in the transformation of our production, which will culminate in green steel.As part of the demonstration conducted in its ‘furnace 9’, Thyssenkrupp fed hydrogen into one of 28 tuyeres, or nozzles, that otherwise supply coal into the blast furnace. Following the successful trial, Thyssenkrupp plans to scale up the injection to all 28 tuyeres within the furnace and aims to eventually run at least three furnaces completely on hydrogen by 2023.Thyssenkrupp is one of the world’s largest steel producers and produces around 12 million tonnes of crude steel annually. The company has committed to achieving a 30 per cent reduction in the company’s emissions by 2030. The company is also aiming to become carbon neutral by 2050.It’s a huge development in the use of zero-emissions and renewable energy supplies in the manufacture of industrial products like steel and presents a major threat to the coal industry. In conventional blast furnaces around 300 kilograms of coking coal and 200 kilograms of pulverised coal are used in the production of a tonne of pig iron.More: Another nail in coal’s coffin? German steel furnace runs on renewable hydrogen in world firstlast_img read more

The Commander of the Future

first_imgBy Dialogo February 19, 2013 Today, the mid and especially long term concept that the armed forces will be involved in to satisfy multiple and varied requirements has become increasingly generalized among different defense analysts. Thus, several studies about the armed forces’ evolutionary process by civil and military specialists coincide in stating that their future will go in three directions: first, technology advocating for certain specialists; second, the administrative processes that will be more and more complex and interrelated with the community, and third, a deeper social participation in defense matters. Defense, considering that it is managed as another public policy with a tendency towards openness and with prominence on transparency, has motivated society as a whole to have a greater knowledge of the military. This will definitely be meaningful not only in the armed forces’ way of thinking, but also in their behavior. Lately, this situation has evolved in such a way that current public opinion is more interested in knowing about defense, in contrast with defense being considered a subject delegated only to specialists. Considering the above statement, this responsibility is presently more complex; therefore, the commanders of the future should have different competencies and know how to adapt to changes in order to confront the upcoming times; they should be highly qualified not only in their technical areas of specialty, but also as managers of financial and human resources. Changes in the armed forces In order to simplify this situation, the main changes that have affected the field of defense will be described, considering Karl von Clausewitz’s (1984) theory on the “Trinity of War” as methodology in relation to government, the armed forces (AF) and society. It is estimated that there may be two areas we can consider in demonstrating the important changes that have occurred in the area of defense. The first one includes legislative changes, while the second one involves the publication, in Chile’s case, of the National Defense Book. With regard to the legislative changes, several countries in the region have passed new laws, as in the case of the new Chilean Defense’s organizational statute. All these changes require a knowledgeable commander. We also realize that the region is performing a series of studies involving the AF’s participation during emergencies and disasters, for example, which constitutes a new role in the field of international defense. Other aspects affecting this situation are the publications of defense books. In this context, the first initiatives on these come from Chile (1997, 2002, and 2010), and Argentina (1998). In the case of Ecuador, two defense books were written during a period of four years (2002 and 2006). In Peru, the National Defense Book was published in 2006 after an extended debate over two years. Colombia published its “Policy of Democratic Defense in 2004,” while Venezuela has included its defense policy in the Bolivarian Constitution. Generally, civilian, military, academics, and politicians have taken part in the creation of these publications. Moreover, it is a great challenge for new commanders, as it seeks a common language, which entails learning from others. Undoubtedly, this background will become the future commander’s great responsibility, for which he will have the duty of knowing, explaining and defending. Teaching about our field, especially in the area of defense and with the goal of being understood, is and will continue to pose a huge challenge. The First Industrial Revolution transformed warfare drastically, in the Army’s organization, in the strategic arena, and as a result, in defense policy. With the Second Industrial Revolution, there were more important changes; however, the constant influx of scientific-technological advancements since the 50s, which could be described as a “permanent revolution,” faces us with unprecedented challenges for the future. The concepts about conflict have changed significantly; there are certain terms that may not have the same meaning to different actors, such as irregular warfare, unconventional warfare, low or high intensity conflict, hybrid war, cyber war, etc. These terms, along with others, are the ones we should consider. Scientific and technological knowledge has evolved to a great extent, increasing the gap between developed countries and those like ours, which are still not prepared to make their own advances in science and defense. In this time of change, the Armed Forces were led to understand that organization and technology are not independent variables. A good example in Chile’s case in the last Defense Book, which provided a deep analysis on military force, intentionality and its indicators, and where the different force development plans and the evolution of our country’s military means are clearly stated. It also clearly explained how the Armed Forces’ military personnel have changed with a reduction of about one fifth in the last 19 years. Finally, and considering that the various weapons systems the Armed Forces possess are modern and complex, we find that its operation and maintenance is – and will continue to be – a challenge. The operation of these new weapon systems also need the mastery of new concepts to manage the diverse specific technologies that these systems have incorporated, so it is necessary for the involved personnel to have an adequate preparation, according to the complexity of each. This obviously requires efficient planning and personnel preparation in the Armed Forces, especially for future commanders. Our society is going through such radical processes of change that we could say that after a few decades they may become restructured. There is no doubt that this entails changes on value systems, on paradigms, on political and social structures and, as a consequence, on institutions. This change has received several labels, and plenty of material has been written about it. For example, some of the most widely known include: “The Third Wave,” “The Clash of Civilizations,” “The Revolution of Knowledge,” and “The Revolution of Information,” all with different names which identify a similar process. It can be determined that knowledge entails a relationship between science and technology, which accelerates change and tests organizations, society and especially the armed forces and, as a result, the future commanders. Considering that we live in a world of continuous, fast change, these changes affect man, their way of thinking and behavior. Therefore, the temptation to consider something new as a progress booster, of seeing novelty as a value and confusing novelty with fashion, is understandable. This temptation can be found not only in society, but also in the armed forces. In general, some of the main changes observed in society and in young people joining the armed forces are the following: a more individualistic society, an accelerated process of change in values, the process of an aging society, a more demanding and transparent society, a high concern for environmental issues, and young people that grew up during the technological boom and are active users of social networks. As a consequence, it is necessary to maintain an active attitude, not only to project the armed forces within society, but also to detect the phenomenon of evolution in time, which could represent changing factors in institutions. Profile of the commander of the future There is no question that the future commander’s preparation will impose a fast-paced rhythm, where time will be the most expensive and scarce resource. This will require self-training, which must be considered essential in the armed forces, favoring individual motivation towards studying, which is an indispensable factor for being able to manage the vast outputs of information to which we have access. Furthermore, they should have the ability to relate to different public institutions that assure a sound managing capacity, as well as having an increasing knowledge of human behavior and motivations, to serve as a good guide, anticipating and integrating the needs of their personnel and institutions with functional defense requirements. This will demand that future commanders are prepared in two different dimensions: 1 – As an official and leader: to learn how to command, persuade and have an ability to anticipate. 2 – As a manager: to know how to administrate. Leadership qualities are inherent to a commander, and constitute the basis over which the experience of every military career rests; hence the importance for future commanders to know legislative, social and armed forces’ changes to ensure they make the right decisions during their tenure. A commander who is unaware of these particular characteristics to be developed may lose trust, thus weakening the essential command structure. The art of leadership is and will be increasingly complex, hence the importance for them to explore the following aspects among others: • Strive to know themselves as well as the commander’s profession, always in pursuit of excellence. To know their people and develop an interest in their wellbeing. • Ensure the right training and seek the creation of a great team, always leading with example and knowing how to take responsibility for their actions. • Be aware of the diverse legislative changes in the area of defense and its repercussions. • Study the changes in society and its effects on the armed forces and on the art of leadership. • Be aware of the technology available in the different institutions with the purpose of applying it correctly whenever necessary. • Always demonstrate strength and temperance in their decisions, knowing how to manage time and resources in consideration of the assigned mission. • Develop character to impose their will, with integrity in their decisions, including a sense of justice and righteousness. • Develop team spirit among their subordinates, being a motivational, visible, accessible and receptive leader. • As a leader and military commander, they must develop a high sense of responsibility with the different ranks and secondary units, setting high standards of communications. • Develop a high degree of tenacity and resistance to fulfill their mission no matter what. Finally, vocation; fulfilling their duties and a sense of responsibility will remain fundamental features in the actions of the future officer. These qualities will make their performance as a commander and leader possible in order to continue a fluent development, considering that their decisions should be oportune and appropriate. The commander as manager This dimension will be a huge challenge in the training of future commanders. The important legislative, social, and military changes will require the commander to combine elements from military administration with those of public management, which has been increased according to the above mentions, in which transparency and efficiency are key factors in the current military administration. The future commander must possess certain characteristics that will allow their development as a sound manager during their tenure: • Know the legislation governing the management of their command, considering that they should be in constant training to learn and put into practice efficient and effective management. However, it must be considered that new concepts always require study time, assimilation and application. • Define goals to be achieved based on a good analytical capacity, since managing and pleasing all subordinates will result in an inefficient administration. • Be practical and authentic in defining their goals by using means according to their capabilities. • Develop personal relations, considering their military command and social environment, and interacting with subordinates using their skills in human relations to interact in the a way that fosters a comfortable atmosphere in the workplace. • Develop the capacity to listen and trust their subordinates in order to take administrative actions that allows for achievement of their mission. • One of the responsibilities of the military manager must be training their personnel, and their awareness of the legal framework and goals, as well as the managerial repercussions of their actions; therefore, they must be able to teach and guide their subordinates using effective communication. Another element for consideration is the participation of the armed forces in peace operations, where in some cases a new commander might have troops from different countries under their orders, where the legal framework is wider and social customs might vary. It will then be the new commander’s obligation to be aware of the organizational differences that might arise in order to duly manage the assigned means. Conclusion Venturing into the future is always risky; it is even riskier when the analysis is based on perceptions, impressions of different scholars that intend to move into the future, in which the fear of man today is not having access to knowledge. In the past, university graduates reached their training goal once they became professionals, and very little was devoted to updating that further. Presently, however, anyone holding a university degree is forced to constantly update their skills, not only to become more knowledgeable and master their profession’s technical aspects, but also to be able to access and apply modern technology, making a difference in the complex and competitive world we live in. Undoubtedly, this situation is no stranger to the armed forces, especially to the future commander. Legislative changes, society’s new perception and the novel development of the armed forces require the new commander to develop as an officer, as a manager, and as a guide, so that he can teach with the goal of being understood. The wealth of a modern society is defined by its diverse points of view, mutual respect among discrepancies, as well as the elaboration of opinions based on verifiable scientific concepts. All this requires for this professional to have a highly perceptive mindset in order to adapt to changes, as well as to the high speed in which they occur. It is here were the commander’s preparation becomes highly important, sometimes establishing the difference between them. In conclusion, future commanders must develop to acquire the capabilities that will allow them to get involved with different public institutions and with society. Likewise, their increasing knowledge about human behavior and motivations will be aimed at integrating the personal needs of his men with the fundamental requirements of the armed forces. The characteristics and training for development will be essential for the commander’s management, making the difference between success and failure in every military organization. *Brigadier General Jorge Robles Mella serves as Chief of the General Staff of the Chilean Armed Forces.last_img read more

E-Scan offers digital marketing insights

first_imgThe Credit Union National Association recently released the 2017-2018 Environmental Scan. The E-Scan offers insights in 10 primary areas affecting credit unions, including lending, economics, technology and of course marketing. The E-Scan is a must-read for any credit union executive and is also an outstanding planning tool to use.The marketing section is entitled “The Big Deal Behind Social Media.” It also mentions many of the other top marketing trends for credit unions, including disruptors, regulations, Generation Z, the evolution of marketing, highly personalized marketing, consumer preferences and the humanization of digital. But the bulk of the section centers around social media and engagement.According to the E-Scan, there are five factors that come into play when brining engagement into your social media efforts:(1)    Bring value firstAs the E-Scan notes, “social media isn’t always about direct response…..once you’re identified as a serial promoter, people will shut you off and tune you out.” Look for ways to engage—not sell—on your social media platforms. continue reading » 24SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblrlast_img read more

The 6th Forum of the Croatian Congress of Industry has been announced

first_img11:00 – 12:30Topic: COOPERATION BETWEEN MEDICAL AND CONGRESS INDUSTRIES IN THE ORGANIZATION OF SCIENTIFIC AND PROFESSIONAL MEETINGS· Croatian Medical Association (HLZ)· Association of Employers in Healthcare (UPUZ)· Health Tourism Community at the Croatian Chamber of Commerce· Innovative pharmaceutical industry (IFI)· Medical equipment (CROMED in the establishment) 10:30 – 11:00Annual awards ceremony AMBASSADOR OF CROATIAN CONGRESS TOURISM 09:50 – 10:00Review of the Ambassador Program 09.00-09.30Registration The Croatian Association of Congress Tourism Professionals (HUPKT) is organizing the sixth in a row CROATIAN CONGRESS INDUSTRY FORUM 2017 – annual gathering of the profession of business (congress-incentive-event) tourism, which will be held on Tuesday, 5. December 2017. in Hotel DUBROVNIK, in Zagreb. The forum will also be an opportunity to award the prize AMBASSADOR OF CROATIAN CONGRESS TOURISM.The forum is open to all colleagues from business (congress-incentive-event) tourism and participation is free with mandatory registration via link. More information at [email protected] 12:45 – 13:30Review of the Minister of Tourism on the Forum 13:30Closing and socializing with a reception 10:00 – 10:30Refreshment breakcenter_img CROATIAN CONGRESS INDUSTRY FORUMHotel Dubrovnik, Zagreb, Tuesday, December 5, 2017 XOpening of the Forum 12:30 – 12:45Presentation of a new project for 2018 PRELIMINARY PROGRAM 09:35 – 09:50Review of HUPKT activities in 2017 and Work Plan for 2018 CERTIFICATION OF PROFESSIONALS IN BUSINESS TOURISMCertification programs for professionals in the convention industry are nothing new. The most famous in the world – CMP (Certified Meeting Professional) and CMM (Certified Meeting Manager) – are very demanding and can bring you certain advantages if you are oriented to the international market. There are no individuals holding these certificates in Croatia yet, so it is Croatian Association of Congress Tourism Professionalsa (HUPKT) since 2015 has developed its own certification program called CCMEP (Certified Croatian Meetings and Events Professional). Already two generations of professionals have successfully completed the certification program, so 58 colleagues received the certificate. The list of certified colleagues has been published on numerous foreign and domestic professional portals and is also available on the website natural persons, participants from the congress-incentive-event industry, with a minimum of two years of experience in the MICE sector can apply for certification. The certificate is valid for five years, after which recertification is done based on the collected educational points, by participating in educational events organized by HUPKT. Certification brings additional competitiveness and a certain guarantee to customers that their service provider is a professional, who approaches each project according to the rules of the profession. It was recognized and accepted and supported by the Faculty of Economics Zagreb – Department of Tourism, Croatian Chamber of Commerce – Sector for Tourism and the European Federation of Congress Organizers – EFAPCO. HUPKT is also Preferred Provider za Events Industry Council (EIC) who recognized the value of the program and awarded it certification points, and collecting points is one of the steps towards CMP certification.HUPKT will organize certification for the third time this winter: first round 5-6. December 2017 and the second round in late January 2018.Related news: The Croatian Medical Association and the Croatian Association of Congress Tourism Professionals have signed a cooperation agreementlast_img read more

The announcement of an increase in the sojourn tax and taxes caused an avalanche of dissatisfaction

first_imgRecent announcements of an increase in the amount of sojourn tax and income tax for next year for household accommodation service providers have triggered an avalanche of dissatisfaction.The system of the Croatian Tourist Board from year to year “collects” higher revenues based on increasing capacity and traffic. Thus, in 2015, HRK 410 million was earned, in 2017 HRK 463 million, and in 2018 it is planned to “take” HRK 540 million. But even that is not enough, so new increases in the sojourn tax are planned for 2019. How is that money distributed? How does he return to the guest? Which of these money has a real function of “improving the living conditions of tourists”? Numerous unanswered questions arise. On the other hand, the eVisitor records lack more than 100 non-commercial tourist facilities – apartments and holiday homes, “cottages”. With this title alone, the system loses more than 000 million kuna in fees annually.Every kuna of sojourn tax should be used for the benefit of the guest who pays it, both in commercial and non-commercial accommodation. waste disposal is not at the required level of development, so they often collapse during the peak tourist season. Huge allocations for sojourn tax, income tax, for utilities obviously don’t end where it should. But that is why new price increases are announced “because tourism is doing well”.Increase in feesThis is a classic spin: “We haven’t raised your tax for a long time, so we have an excuse to do it now. “. However, with each increase in the tax burden, in addition to the calculation of higher revenues, the proposer is obliged to answer some more questions for taxpayers.People who pay taxes have the right to know how that tax is spent, how the tax increase will affect the improvement of the social standard in the community, and finally, how that tax money will be returned to them. To some, tax contributions seem ridiculous, but it is not at all ridiculous that citizens paid HRK 140 million to the state treasury last year on the basis of personal property, and the same amount to the CNTB system. In the last few years, we have been paying 10 to 15 million kuna more into these “cash registers” every year.What did we get from that money?New restrictive laws, abolition of boarding houses in the household… This year there are not even symbolic incentives for the construction of swimming pools. Finally, the old rule “less is more” is known for taxes, ie a milder tax burden has a positive effect on the legalization of activities and thus on an increase in the volume of total tax revenues. And vice versa.Otherwise, the average number of beds in family accommodation is 6,6, the average income per household is 50.000,00 kn. For comparison, the average civil servant has an annual income from a net salary of HRK 84.000,00 and his gross salary and various allowances “cost” taxpayers HRK 120.000 per year. Thus, for one annual salary of a tax bureaucrat, the annual income of almost three households of family accommodation is required.Whose taxpayer money is it?Obviously, our society is still not at the level of democracy when the government manages public finances for the benefit of the people and under the mandate of voters-taxpayers. Our politicians live in a “parallel universe”, completely separated from the people. Eventually they see a statistical average and those who “stick out” above the average. As 50% of the population really lives, 2/3 of the citizens of the service provider are accommodated in the household – they have no idea. That is why this exodus of the population is happening.Tax policy makers should finally “bite the sour apple” of structural reforms. They are constantly revolving around tax reform with the main task of feeding the (too) bulky state, public apparatus. The public apparatus is completely inefficient. Croatia is losing its permanent population, reproductive and working population at such a pace that we are left without 100.000 inhabitants a year. All measures taken should have the priority effect of halting the demographic erosion of society. Raising the tax pressure on a small man who is bigger with one leg outside Croatia is certainly not a good move. Unless the goal is exactly that – to free a beautiful country from (superfluous) population.Non-commercial tourist facilities out of controlAccording to the Croatian Bureau of Statistics, Croatia has 180.000 weekend facilities on the coastal belt and islands. According to the average capacity of 4 beds, the total capacity of these facilities is 720.000 beds (data from 2016). This is significantly more than categorized accommodation. Despite the legal obligation of the owner of a weekend facility to register and deregister persons staying in such a facility via the e visitor system, last year a total of 12 million overnight stays in weekend facilities or 16,6 overnight stays per bed were recorded. This means that weekend facilities are used for an average of 2 weeks. Having in mind the amount of investment in such facilities, this information is not very credible.Considering that the legal obligation for each owner of the facility and members of his family is to pay the sojourn tax reduced by 70% and for each user, friend who stays with the owner of the regular tax per night, it is clear what the loss of income for all levels of the tourist system local government in this way creates. It is not clear in what way the obligation to report non-commercial tourist facilities to the visitor is created? Categorized accommodation is entered according to the legal obligation based on the categorization. And the cottages?Law on catering activity that produces damageThe Law on Hospitality is in complete contradiction with the incentive measures of demographic renewal. It directly affects the most vulnerable parts of society. People living in economically and humanly devastated areas. This law prevents them from providing food service with accommodation. That is, they are forced to enter an unfavorable system that requires significant investments, appropriate spatial planning prerequisites and creditworthiness.At the same time, Croatian citizens are still insulted that they are not sanitary, untidy, that what we prepare in their homes, in their kitchens is a danger to the health of tourists. But it doesn’t matter if we are a health threat to family members, neighbors, friends than when a tourist appears in the role of a consumer then we become a health threat and that is unacceptable. It is only acceptable if we provide breakfast service. Tourists. Then we are not a threat to health either.The law also forces the poorer sections of the population to borrow from banks if they want to provide accommodation services according to the criteria of the Ministry of Tourism. Not by guest criteria, but by MINT. In general, the very reason for changing the law is unacceptable, unargued, misdirected, in complete conflict with the principles of free market competition. In a word, backward. And all this at a time when we are declared the best hosts of family accommodation in the world, when we have the best holiday homes in Europe, when our guests love us, praise us, recommend us and gladly come back to us.One wonders who is shaping Croatian tourism policy? And at whose expense?Author: Nedo Pinezić, www.nedopinezic.comlast_img read more

Digitization of the Krk Island Tourist Board – new mobile applications of the island of Krk

first_imgThose who follow trends, who are proactive and who care that tourism does not happen, are growing and developing, and the Tourist Board of the island of Krk is one of those who have gone the furthest with digitalization. Through their website, they offer a lot of information, most of all tourist boards in Croatia, and now they have set the bar high through the production of various mobile applications. The whole focus is on the mobile phone, whether we like it or not, because logically, the mobile phone is always with people, so I can get all the information in the palm of one hand, of course if you provide it to them.And the Tourist Board of the island of Krk makes a great effort to offer the content of the entire island of Krk through its website and mobile applications. After creating a unified map of hiking and biking trails on the island of Krk, and outdoor catalogs to support the development of programs and outdoor activities, the Tourist Board of the island of Krk presents free mobile applications KRKhike i KRKbike .Application KRKhike is a new mobile application for Android and IOS operating systems, and allows you to search for hiking, MTB, hiking trails, and GPS navigation routes, and select walks along your own preferences, weight, location. The application can be downloaded from the web pages of the Tourist Board of the island of Krk, as well as on the web pages of the tourist boards of the island of Krk with which this application was developed in joint cooperation.KRKhike and KRKBike applicationsCultural Heritage of the Island of Krk applicationExcept development outdoora , The Tourist Board of the island of Krk wants to acquaint visitors with the rich cultural and historical heritage of the island of Krk, valuable cultural facilities, which in recent years printed a tourist map of cultural sights, made a digital map and its presentation in an interactive and multimedia way (www.visit., and this year presents the content of a digital map adapted for mobile phones.The historical heritage of the island of Krk with this project includes the period of antiquity, historical towns-castles, centers of Glagolitic heritage, the island of Krk is the cradle of Croatian literacy, the seat of the Frankopan princes.The whole project  Cultural heritage of the island of Krk started in 2016, continued in 2017 from the very beginning in collaboration with Center for Industrial Heritage, University of Rijeka.  The project unites the cultural and artistic heritage of the island of Krk and enables its presentation with modern technologies – multimedia and interactive. The digital map includes about 50 localities and catalog units of cultural heritage have been created and presented on the website of the Tourist Board of the island of Krk at, and from now on they can be downloaded by mobile phone and tour routes according to your wishes. It is possible to follow churches, places, monasteries, forts, with a guided and independent tour with confirmation of the location. “Our goal, especially in this year, which was declared the European Year of Cultural Heritage, is to bring cultural events closer to guests and lovers of history, but also to strengthen and enrich the cultural identity of the island of Krk, using the possibilities of modern technology.”Point out from the Krk Tourist Board. The application Cultural Heritage of the Island of Krk can be downloaded at The Tourist Board of the Island of Krk has prepared a virtual walk around the island of Krk in 360 degrees as a new modern, innovative and interactive visual display of destinations and surroundings from the air using the latest web VR technologies.”We want to offer visitors a new and different experience of seeing the offer of the island of Krk and presenting attractions with the possibility of orientation through natural, historical, cultural and gastronomic sights. The virtual walk can be used on all types of devices from a PC to a smartphone or tablet with the additional possibility of viewing through VR glasses. ” conclude from TZ Krka. You can also view virtual walks on the portal to the Tourist Board of the island of Krk who set the bar high and showed the direction of website development and digitalization for all other tourist boards.Related news:Definitely read the story about the portal that brings the calendar of all events on the island of Krk / ALA SHU – EXCELLENT CALENDAR OF ALL EVENTS ON THE ISLAND OF KRK THAT ALL HOTELS AND RENTERS SHOULD USElast_img read more

Talk of the towns: Yorkshire, north & north-east Lincs

first_imgTo access this article REGISTER NOWWould you like print copies, app and digital replica access too? SUBSCRIBE for as little as £5 per week. Would you like to read more?Register for free to finish this article.Sign up now for the following benefits:Four FREE articles of your choice per monthBreaking news, comment and analysis from industry experts as it happensChoose from our portfolio of email newsletterslast_img