Karen S. Rommelfanger, Ph.D. is an Assistant Professor in the Departments of Neurology and Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, the Neuroethics Program Director at Emory University’s Center for Ethics, and Neuroscience Editor-in-Residence at the American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience. Dr. Rommelfanger’s research explores how evolving neuroscience and neurotechnologies challenge societal definitions of disease and medicine. She edits and founded The Neuroethics Blog.Dr. Jennifer Sarrett is currently a Lecturer at Emory University’s Center for the Study of Human Health, where she teaches courses in Health Humanities, Bioethics and Disability, and Mental Illness and Culture. Her work focuses on intellectual and developmental disabilities (I/DD) as they relate to culture, disability rights, and ethics. She began working in the field of autism and developmental 15 years ago as a special education instructor and consultant in the U.S. and abroad. Florida gas prices jump 12 cents; most expensive since 2014 You have entered an incorrect email address! Please enter your email address here LEAVE A REPLY Cancel reply TAGSAutismtheconversation.comWorld Autism Awareness Day Previous articleVote Wednesday in The Apopka Voice Reader’s Poll – Seat #2 RunoffNext articleThe Pulse shooter widow’s trial and the Apopka runoff election highlight the discussion on Let’s Talk About It Denise Connell RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Please enter your name here Gov. DeSantis says new moment-of-silence law in public schools protects religious freedom UF/IFAS in Apopka will temporarily house District staff; saves almost $400,000 Please enter your comment! World Autism Awareness DayBy Karen Rommelfanger and Jennifer Sarrett and first published on theconversation.comFor children with autism, early intervention is critical. Therapies and education – especially in the first two years of life – can facilitate a child’s social development, reduce familial stress and ultimately improve quality of life.But while we can reliably diagnose autism spectrum disorder (ASD) at 24 months, most children are diagnosed much later. This is largely due to a lack of resources, poor adherence to screening guidelines and the fact that primary care physicians are often uncomfortable talking about autism risk to parents.But what if we could use a simple, routine test to screen every baby for autism? It’s not as far-fetched as it sounds. Larger-scale clinical trials for an eye-tracking device that could be used to predict autism are slated to begin this year.This presents a new and unique set of ethical concerns. Technologies that predict the possibility of a neurological disorder have the weight of affecting conceptions of not just “what” these children have but “who” these children will become.As a neuroethicist and autism researcher, we believe it is time to have a conversation about these technologies, and what it will mean for parents and children or for people with autism.Why use eye-tracking to predict autism?Many researchers have found that autistic children prefer to look at different things than typically developing children. This is called gaze preference. In fact, gaze preference changes can be detected prior to the onset of autism. Researchers have been using eye-tracking devices to record where babies gaze when viewing videos of social scenes. And they have been using this device not to diagnose autism, but to predict autism.A 2013 study using an eye-tracking device found that differences in gaze preference can be detected in infants as young as two months. When viewing videos, the infants who look at mouths more than eyes and objects more than people are more likely to later be diagnosed with autism. These infants experienced a decline in attention to other people’s eyes.The researchers from this study are working to replicate these findings in larger studies and are heading up the development of the eye-tracking device slated for clinical trials this year, and should the trials be successful, researchers will seek FDA approval for the device.The device is noninvasive, relatively easy to use and portable. And it could provide a standardized, objective measure for predicting autism. In other words, it would be a pre-diagnostic tool. This means that, by identifying the possibility of autism early, eye-tracking devices could increase the chances that children will be officially diagnosed earlier. This would especially help children who tend to be diagnosed at later ages because of disparities related to race or geography.In fact, researchers have suggested it could be used as part of a routine well-baby checkup for 18- to 24-month-olds. And if the technology proves to be useful in predicting autism in infants, why wouldn’t the device one day be utilized even earlier for two- or six-months-olds? A pre-diagnostic assessment for autism could be easily built into regular checkups, instead of waiting for parents to report symptoms and get an appointment with a specialist. This could be a major leap forward for getting kids diagnosed early with ASD and started on therapy, or providing interventions even prior to the development of autistic traits.What does ‘risk’ of autism mean?Imagine your baby is assessed for pre-diagnostic autism with an eye-tracking device, and you learn that he or she is likely to be later diagnosed with autism.What does that mean? How should we talk to parents about this? And bear in mind that autism is highly variable and has a very wide range of both symptom profile and age of onset, which complicates how accurate such an assessment can be.A positive assessment would indicate a higher likelihood of the child being diagnosed with autism. A negative one would indicate a lower likelihood. That is not the same thing as getting a diagnosis of autism in infancy. This is pre-diagnostic. A positive assessment could be used to justify an early therapeutic regimen even prior to an autism diagnosis. Early intervention can provide long-lasting improvements in the quality of life of the children, families, and caregivers of children with autism. For pre-diagnosed children, the hope would be that intervening before the development of significant autistic traits would be even more beneficial.The promise of having an opportunity to provide earlier intervention – perhaps earlier than ever before – and to implement this technology in routine community pediatric care requires that we consider the development of this technology very carefully.For example, what exactly will parents be told upon receiving such an assessment? The word “risk” may fail to communicate the vast range of possible outcomes and instead place too much focus on negative outcomes related to an autism spectrum diagnosis (ASD). Not every child who receives a positive assessment, after all, will actually be diagnosed with autism (to be sure, even with a tool with as much promise as eye-tracking, there will be false positives).We should be mindful of the effect a positive assessment (false positive or not) could have a child and their family. In many cultures, for instance, a condition like autism would stigmatize an entire family.In the absence of care and resources, especially for children so young, a positive assessment (even if the assessment is found to be wrong or a false positive) could be seen as more of a sentence rather an opportunity for intervention, a sentiment that could occur even within research trials.How do you treat a child “pre-diagnosed” with autism?While several research groups have raised the possibility of an objective test for toddlers using the eye-tracking device, eye-tracking has also been used in a preliminary study to predict autism in two- to six-month-olds. What if, in the future, babies are regularly assessed at younger ages, for which we do not yet have interventions? What could (and what should) a parent do in that situation?There are currently no evidence-based interventions available for babies under 12 months. The next phase of studies following upcoming trials will involve testing the development of a novel early intervention for 12-month-olds. Other researchers are attempting to develop interventions for six-month-old infants.A positive assessment might motivate parents to invest unnecessarily in expensive interventions, surveillance, and treatments. It could also lead to changes in the life trajectories of the child, caregivers and entire families such as changes in their financial plans and reallocation of time and material resources to a child’s early intervention or care.Even after a false positive (an assessment for the high risk that is determined to be wrong) is identified and the likelihood of getting a diagnosis of autism is determined to be quite low, caregivers may be unable to stop looking for signs of autism as a child ages.There are no autism-specific medications (because we still do not know the causes of autism), though drugs are frequently used to treat children for a variety of autism-related symptoms.In fact, psychotropic drugs have been prescribed to children less than two years of age, and risks of these medications on early development have yet to be determined.And adherents of a growing neurodiversity movement – an advocacy position that rejects notions that autism is unwanted and should be cured and, instead, acknowledges autism as a natural variant of human neurological development – would resist the use of “risk” in relation to ASD.Not a diagnosis, but a pre-preexisting conditionPolicymakers must consider the impact of the possible integration of these tools into regular pediatric practice and infant care as a new, community-wide pre-diagnostic assessment tool.Predictive detection technologies such as these will present a new set of policy considerations. Will insurers pay for the test? If they do, will they pay for treatment and intervention afterward? Because of the potential for long-term health-care savings, would there be penalties from insurers for not undergoing such an assessment? Right now, we just don’t know.Keep in mind that insurers were not prohibited from denying people coverage for preexisting coverage until the Affordable Care Act (ACA) was passed. But with this test, we aren’t talking about a preexisting condition. We are talking about a predictive technology, a “pre” whose results essentially create a new category of health or illness, well before the condition even becomes a preexisting one. Think of it as a pre-preexisting condition. This situation is not addressed by the ACA.The insurance implications can spread beyond childhood. How a predictive assessment will affect life insurance policies and long-term care insurance is unknown.Because information about one’s brain health often feels especially identity-forming, privacy policies will need to be created to determine how pre-diagnostic information be kept and who will have access to the results of these assessments. Will schools, future employers or insurance agencies have access to this information?As eye-tracking devices head toward clinical trials, it is critical to think about and address these concerns in a public forum and alongside the development of these technologies.Without such a discussion, these tools, despite their enormous potential, risk losing resources and public support to be fully developed and advanced or risk being underused or not used properly at all. Share on Facebook Tweet on Twitter Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.
ArchDaily Greer Consulting Engineers Bellarine Landscaapes Houses Humble House / Coy Yiontis Architects Area: 249 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project “COPY” Photographs: Tatjana Plitt Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project Humble House / Coy Yiontis ArchitectsSave this projectSaveHumble House / Coy Yiontis ArchitectsSave this picture!© Tatjana Plitt+ 20Curated by Martita Vial Share Architects: Coy Yiontis Architects Area Area of this architecture project Products translation missing: en-US.post.svg.material_description Year: Builder: Lead Architects: ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/904854/humble-house-coy-yiontis-architects Clipboard Structural Engineer: J&S Trickey builders Projects CopyHouses•Barwon Heads, Australia Australia Landscape Architect: Photographs 2015 Rosa Coy, George Yiontis Site Area:715 sqmBuilding Area (No Decking/No Garage):205 sqmDesign Team:George Yiontis Rosa Coy Elodie LimCity:Barwon HeadsCountry:AustraliaMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Tatjana PlittText description provided by the architects. Designed for an older couple who travel frequently, this coastal home accommodates visiting grandchildren and family as well as being a private, easily maintained haven between adventures. Building form was driven by site conditions and the need for accessibility; the resulting dynamic façade and dramatic internal volumes belie its liveability.Save this picture!© Tatjana PlittScreening from western neighbours and the need for the home to sit at a single level across a sloping site dictated the form of the building. The overbearing nature of the two storey neighbour and threat of overshadowing and overlooking resulted in the design of a long, tall building form running the full length of the western boundary protecting the clients’ amenity. Living spaces are oriented towards the north and cross ventilated. Bedrooms are oriented to the east to capture the morning sun. Save this picture!© Tatjana PlittDownsizing from a grand heritage country homestead, this new home is consciously contemporary. The clients revel in the ‘touch button technology’ throughout the home. The standard mod-cons such as hydronic heating and electric blinds are relative luxuries after their old home where the stoking of daily fires was required to keep the house warm. Also important are the small touches that aid day to day living; a bench seat at the front door for removing dirty boots; the outdoor shower for rinsing sandy feet after a beach visit; the secret hatch in the garage that accesses the internal kitchen pantry directly so that the heavy grocery bags don’t have to be lugged. Save this picture!Ground FloorThis home was to be that which their previous home was not; contemporary and easy to maintain. Consideration of the clients aging comfortably in place determined that there should be no steps in the home; internal spaces and garden are at one continuous level and the resulting terraced garden at the rear of the sloping site provides ease of maintenance and an abundance of vegetables. The main living space features full height glazing to the north and south courtyards. This can be opened out completely on either or both sides depending on weather conditions. Frequent entertainers, a flexible plan was required which allowed private studies to be converted to bedrooms when visitors stayed on. An isolated study with its own bathroom has the potential to house a live-in carer should the need arise in the future. This is a contemporary home steeped in the history of its occupants and designed around their daily lives. Save this picture!© Tatjana PlittComfort, ease of maintenance and facilitation of established daily rituals were primary elements of the clients’ brief. The home is fundamentally liveable and carefully considered with regard to the idiosyncrasies of the couple that live here. Spaces are carefully personalized with customized niches for mementos gathered over a lifetime. Despite the contemporary response required to accommodate the functional brief, the family history is richly evident. We are reminded every time we speak to the client how wonderful the house is to live in.Save this picture!© Tatjana PlittProject gallerySee allShow lessCity of Sky / WJ DesignSelected ProjectsRidge Residence / Thier+Curran ArchitectsSelected Projects Share Manufacturers: Centor, Caesarstone, Inlite, Neff, Qasair, RMS Marble, Reece, Vistosi, Acor, Mizu “COPY” ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/904854/humble-house-coy-yiontis-architects Clipboard CopyAbout this officeCoy Yiontis ArchitectsOfficeFollowProductsWoodGlass#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesBarwon HeadsOn InstagramAustraliaPublished on November 01, 2018Cite: “Humble House / Coy Yiontis Architects” 31 Oct 2018. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021.
Facebook Twitter Home Indiana Agriculture News USDA: Rural Death Rates from COVID-19 Surpasses Urban Death Rates SHARE During the initial COVID-19 surge between March and June 2020, large urban areas had the highest weekly death rates from the virus in the United States.Numbers declined as medical professionals learned more about the virus, how to treat it, and how to prevent its spread. As the virus spread from major urban areas to rural areas, the second COVID-19 surge, from July to August 2020, brought more deaths to rural areas.The peak in deaths associated with this surge was smaller because testing was more widespread, the infected population was younger and less vulnerable, and treatments were more effective.However, in early September 2020, COVID-19 death rates in rural areas surpassed those in urban areas.This trend continued into a third, still ongoing, surge that spiked in rural areas during the holiday season and again shortly thereafter.Rural areas have shown higher death rates per 100,000 adults since September in part because they had higher rates of new infections than urban areas, but that is not the whole story.Rural COVID-19 deaths per 100 new infections 2 weeks prior (to account for the lag between infection and death) were 2.2 in the first 3 weeks of February-35 percent higher than the corresponding urban mortality rate of 1.6 deaths per 100 new infections 2 weeks earlier.The rural population appears to be more vulnerable to serious infection because of the older age of its population, higher rates of underlying medical conditions, lack of health insurance, and greater distance to an intensive care hospital.As of early February, death rates have started decreasing, possibly because of more widespread vaccinations among the most vulnerable populations.This chart updates data found in the February 2021 Amber Waves data feature, “Rural Residents Appear to be More Vulnerable to Serious Infection or Death from COVID-19.” Previous articleNational Ag Week Connects Students With LawmakersNext articleCorn Growers Name Top Challenges as They Prepare for Planting USDA Communications Facebook Twitter By USDA Communications – Mar 22, 2021 SHARE USDA: Rural Death Rates from COVID-19 Surpasses Urban Death Rates
Facebook Met Eireann is warning of further gale force winds in parts of the country tonight.Gusts of between 100 and 120 kilometres per hour are forecast in exposed areas of Connacht and west Ulster.Meanwhile Eircom says its currently dealing with over 5,000 faults – with Mayo, Galway, Sligo and Donegal the worst affected areas.The ESB says power has been restored to all households – but there may be some outages for a time today while repair work is completed.John Eagleton from Met Eireann says the conditions tonight will not be as severe as earlier this week:[podcast]http://www.highlandradio.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/14eagl1.mp3[/podcast] Google+ News Pinterest Pinterest Twitter WhatsApp Further drop in people receiving PUP in Donegal WhatsApp Twitter RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Met Eireann warn of more gale force winds in Northwest tonight Man arrested on suspicion of drugs and criminal property offences in Derry Previous articleHearing of Donegal Priest’s indecent assault charges adjournedNext articleDeputy Pringle says majority against Household Tax, as only 2,400 register to pay News Highland By News Highland – January 4, 2012 75 positive cases of Covid confirmed in North 365 additional cases of Covid-19 in Republic Main Evening News, Sport and Obituaries Tuesday May 25th Facebook Google+ Gardai continue to investigate Kilmacrennan fire
DL Debate – 24/05/21 AudioHomepage BannerNews Facebook Twitter Important message for people attending LUH’s INR clinic News, Sport and Obituaries on Monday May 24th Outrage after life rings removed from Letterkenny Bridge WhatsApp Facebook Google+ Nine til Noon Show – Listen back to Monday’s Programme Pinterest Arranmore progress and potential flagged as population grows WhatsApp Previous articleLecky nominated for RTÉ Young Sportsperson of the YearNext articlePeople advised to be on high alert after spate of break-ins News Highland RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Twitter Google+ Pinterest By News Highland – December 14, 2018 Loganair’s new Derry – Liverpool air service takes off from CODA A Donegal County Councillor has hit out at those responsible for removing life rings at the Old Town Bridge area of Letterkenny. The life rings were discovered missing this week with Donegal County Council now tasked to replace them.Cllr Gerry McMonagle says the removal of the equipment could potentially put lives at risk and has pleaded with the culprits to stop:Audio Playerhttp://www.highlandradio.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/12/gerrgyhjughjghjyliferings.mp300:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume.
Previous Article Next Article Land Rover cuts top model productionOn 20 Feb 2001 in Personnel Today Off-roadvehicle maker Land Rover has been forced to shed 200 jobs and cut production ofits top-selling model because it cannot get enough engines.ALand Rover spokesman said the firm will have to cut production of itsFreelander model because engine maker BMW has refused to raise engineproduction from 32,000 to 50,000.Ford,which bought the company after the break-up of the Rover Group last year, hadrequested more engines in order to meet demand.TheFreelander is now the best-selling off-road vehicle in Europe, but sales areexpected to drop 12 per cent to 74,000 because of the engine shortage.Unionleaders at the company’s Solihull plant were told last week that three-shiftproduction of Freelander will be cut to two shifts at the beginning of April.www.landrover.co.uk Comments are closed. Related posts:No related photos.
The light climate within wet and dry samples of ten mosses from the maritime Antarctic was determined using a computer-controlled optical microprobe system. Irradiances decreased with increasing depth within the moss. The rate of attenuation varied greatly between replicates reflecting the heterogeneity of the moss macro-structure. Attenuation maxima were observed at wavelengths corresponding to the peaks of chlorophyll absorption around 675 nm and below 450 nm, although the inter-wavelength differences were small compared to the inter-replicate variation. Wide inter-specific variations in light penetration were observed. These were dependent upon a number of factors, of which the most important appeared to be stem orientation, with stem density, leaf size and orientation and pigment content possibly also affecting light absorption. In most mosses the inter-wavelength variation was lost and the depth of light penetration was increased on drying. The degree to which light penetration changed on dehydration was dependent upon the relative effects of structural and pigment changes. It is suggested that, as drying occurs, the increased penetration of light into the moss increases the photosynthetic potential of deeper layers, and hence reduces the loss of productivity by the moss.
Written by Tags: Dominik Eberle/Football/Utah State Aggies FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailLOGAN, Utah – Utah State junior placekicker Dominik Eberle has been named to the Lou Groza Collegiate Placekicker Award watch list for the 2018 season.Eberle is one of 30 players on the preseason watch list, joining defending Lou Groza winner in Utah senior Matt Gay. Additionally, he is one of five Mountain West players to make the list, along with John Baron II (San Diego State), Wyatt Bryan (Colorado State), Bryce Crawford (San José State) and Evan Pantels (UNLV).The Lou Groza Award watch list is the fourth preseason honor for Eberle heading into the 2018 campaign. He was also added to the Preseason all-Mountain West team and is also a preseason second-team All-American and first-team All-Mountain West selection by Athlon Sports.Along with being a Lou Groza Award finalist last season, Eberle, a 6-2, 190-pounder from Nuremberg, Germany (Redondo Union (Calif.) HS), earned third-team All-America honors from Phil Steele’s Magazine and honorable mention All-America honors from SB Nation as he served as the team’s placekicker in all 13 games as a sophomore. He also garnered first-team all-Mountain West honors as he finished the season scoring a team-best 101 points as he was a perfect 47-of-47 on extra points and 18-of-24 (.750) on field goals.During the 2017 season, Eberle set a single-game school record for points scored by a kicker with 19 at San José State as he was 4-for-4 (23, 52, 20, 27) on field goals and 7-for-7 on extra points. Those 19 points scored are the second-most by a kicker in Mountain West history and the most by a non-senior. Additionally, he kicked off 73 times for 4,405 yards (60.3 ypk) with 38 touchbacks during the year.Utah State, which returns 18 starters (O-9, D-9) and 49 letterwinners (O-20, D-27, S-2) from last year’s NOVA Home Loans Arizona Bowl team, will open the 2018 season on Friday, Aug. 31, at Michigan State and begins its home season the following weekend against New Mexico State on Saturday, Sept. 8. Mountain West play begins for USU two weekends later as it hosts Air Force on Saturday, Sept. 22.For Aggie football ticket information, fans can contact the USU Athletics Ticket Office over the phone by calling 1-888-USTATE-1 or 435-797-0305 during regular hours of operation. Fans can also buy their tickets in person at the USU Ticket Office inside the Dee Glen Smith Spectrum or online by clicking on the “Buy Tickets” tab atwww.UtahStateAggies.com. Fans can follow the Aggie football program at twitter.com/USUFootball or on Facebook at Utah State Football, as well as on Instagram at instagram.com/USUFootball. Aggie fans can also follow the Utah State athletic program at twitter.com/USUAthletics or on Facebook at Utah State University Athletics. Robert Lovell July 25, 2018 /Sports News – Local Dominik Eberle Named to Lou Groza Award Watch List